Globalization In China Essay

Introduction            Twenty three provinces, five autonomous regions and three municipalities make up The People’s Republic of China, the most populated country in the world- 1.2 billion inhabitants or one-quarter of the world’s population. China is home to fifty-six ethnic groups; the Han Chinese majority comprises 91.9 percent of the population and occupies most positions of power, and the minority groups Zhuang, Uyghur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and others constitute 8.1 percent.

China has an eclectic religious and cultural composition: Buddhists form the largest body of religious believers with an estimated base of over 100 million followers, most from the dominant. China is the most populated country in the world. They have such many resources that would help to improve their country.Globalization EffectsGlobalization has a lot of effects in the country especially in China.

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In the book of Doug Guthrie: China and Globalization, it has a compact and highly readable introductory text on contemporary China and the massive changes it is presently undergoing. It focuses primarily on how economic structural change is driving the process, but discusses many other issues as well in politics, social change, reform, international economics and cultural change. Doug Guthrie covers the social, economic and the political issues on this book.            In terms of economic aspect, the government of China has done in this aspect.

Their business and other enterprises, just like of its township and village enterprises were resembled to business organization but the property are still resided in the hands of China’s local government. The Chinese government strategy allow to the economic actors to learn the rules of capitalism rather than withdrawing and thus assuming that they them intuitively. State owned enterprises are still remain a massive force in the Chinese economy.

The institution of a life time employment and the pensions which is the so called “iron rice bowl” was carefully dismantled by the state, but was tempered by the labor contracts and the labor arbitration commissions to give the workers a recourse against their employees. They also established an economic zone to easy in locating such company and were facilitated by a colossal inflow of foreign capital in China. Privatization and modernization of economy China has a mixed growing economy it has an average of 90% annually on its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This has given a ore independence to business people and has limited state over the economy and the citizen’s lives. They also expand the business private sector to have a healthy competition among them. The accession to the WTO or the World Trade Center has brought reform in setting China’s rules on the international trading system. And thus, gradually reduced tariffs on their products being produced.            In social aspect, technological innovation helps the fast growing economy of the country and thus improves to a more quality and faster products that are being produced.

It also inhibits the new technological machineries that enable the company to strengthen their social stability. In expanding social reform, the human capital development has become a major focus on the social reform in order to have a better competitiveness in their country. Human skills and manpower is still very important even though there is now the technological breakthrough. China is considered as the most populated country in the world. However, they implement also the one-child policy in which with their policy it shrank the family sizes and the increased female infanticide that is to eliminate an over populated situation in the family among its members. Small family has the tendency to have a better education and proper guidelines with their elders.

Living standards by then develops their economy on the rural area to improve their way of living especially among those farmers. The Chinese government also provides employment.            Political aspect, China has its own form of governance which is the Communist Party, their government endeavor to regulate information flows that is to have a better understanding of the rules and the policies of their government. It plays a leading role in strengthening the social security system and thus encouraging the private sector capitalist to inverts in them. With their political reforms, the government corruptions are gradually eliminated and the administrative has the control over the resource allocation and the lack of effective supervision mechanisms. They have the basic mechanism in connecting political bureaucracies to the transnational networks, and the distribute class payments and monopoly in politics.

Political reform could also eliminate corruption which results from rent-seeking, lack of an effective management system for states assets, lack of an effective supervisory system to check power, the way public sector employees are hired and being awarded. The wide participation of the public in the reform process is the driving force to stimulate vigor in though Chinese society. Thus, this reform will determine the China’s future that leads to economic progress and social stability and that they will enjoy the benefits of globalization.

CONCLUSIONGlobalization is one the several major factors determining China’s future development and the broader course of regional dynamics in East Asia. In general, Chinese leaders are in line with a broader recent trend among Eat Asian government leaders. These leaders tend to be nationalistic and non-ideological. Their legitimacy rests heavily on their ability to meet the material needs of their people and to pursue economic development needed for conventional nation building. As a result, they are willing sometime grudgingly to conform to the international economic norms supported by the western free markets states, and they accept the growing interdependence that comes with this economic globalization.

Thus, globalization is exerting a great pressure on Chinese government nowadays. The Marxist ideology has been supplanted the economic pragmatism in the last two years, the economic decentralization has increase the power of its regional officials. Furthermore, I therefore agree that globalization in China and in other countries have a lot of things make a country to improve their lives economically, socially and politically.

BIBLIOGRAPHYGuthrie, Doug. China and Globalization: the Social, Economic and Political Transformation of Chinese Society. Routledge, New York.2006.www.yahoo.com 

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