Genocide and Military Intervention Essay
Genocide and Military Intervention
There have been instances of genocide in the past couple of decades where negotiations and military interventions have played an important role in resolving conflict situations. The paper tries to assess whether military intervention is necessary and effective in responding to genocide.
There have been various instances where military interventions could have prevented genocides or at best could have thwarted attempts by warring sides to keep up the momentum of ongoing cases of genocide. Military intervention has become a topic of debate at United Nations as some countries question the right of other countries and international organizations to intervene in so called internal conflicts. Some political activist blame the international fraternity for doing too little and too less by delaying the timing and quantum of military intervention required to save the victims of genocide.
For the problem of genocide occurs when there is complete control over a particular region by one section of the military wing and this happens predominantly amongst the backdrop of an ethnically torn population. The role of any military intervention gets enhanced as it as to deal with identifying measures to stop or prevent ethnic cleansing coupled with measures on restoring long term peace and stability to such a region.
The Balkans war bought to the surface the issue of military intervention in the 90’s. America was trying to talk to coerce Yugoslavian from undertaking any military action in its region. However with Serbia launching a full scale attack on Bosnia and carrying out crimes against humanity, America withdrew from the negotiating table facing flak from various quarters for not doing enough at the time of crisis. The American administration in the light of Serbian advances into Bosnia and reports of ethnic cleansing announced limited political, economic and diplomatic sanctions against Belgrade. More critical announcements came weeks later when the senior administration officials declared that the cleansing operations by Serbs were reminiscent of Nazism.
Role of International Community/Stakeholders:
Serbians were wary of the European Community (EC), United Nations (UN) and USA following the post Gulf war scenario. They launched limited attacks against Bosnia trying to gauge international reactions. However, when it became apparent that the EC, UN and USA were only talking about negotiations and not military intervention, Bosnia got encouraged and stepped up its military operations.
Case histories and role of military intervention:
– Serbia and Bosnia war
– Dafur crisis
– Ethnic strife in Rwanda
– Saddam Hussein’s regimes genocide against ethnic Kurds
It is increasingly clear that military intervention is required to stop genocides as the social and political situations in the affected region get severely affected and stability cannot be restored by mere negotiations.
Alan J. Kuperman – (Book) The limits of Humanitarian Intervention
Colin (EDT) McInnes, Nicholas J. (EDT) Wheeler – (Book) Dimensions of Military Intervention
Stjepan Gabriel Meštrovi? – (Book) Genocide After Emotion: Post-emotional Balkan War
David Hirsh – (Book) Law against Genocide