First being mass produced in the machine
First and foremost it is important to understand why some prefabdesigns were deemed fails and some successes. Success and failure can bedifficult to define because they may be measured by unique reasons for example architecturally,commercially, technically, etc. Any which way, the majority of prefab housingattempts have come to an end, and in this case they have fail. However,Irrespective of the unavoidable fate, historical, cultural, social pressures leadto different developmental approaches which future models can harvest usefulinformation. Many think a theoretical intent, such as Le Corbusier Maison Citrohan, isdeemed successful because it may be implemented in future designs. Timing mayalso be considered a catalyst for economic success or failure in the case of Wachsmann’s and Gropius’packaged house. Timing in this argument is crucial.
As with many successfuldesigns, crisis has been the driving force. ‘The Toyotaproduction system evolved out of need. Certain restrictions in marketplacerequired the production of small quantities of many ‘varieties’ underconditions of high demand’ (Ohno, 2014). Citroen designed cars to remedy theagricultural crisis. Britain is in a housing crisis and prefabs offer asolution that has been tested before hand. The Lack of skilled labourers, limitedtime due to government commitments, affordability in comparison to the currenthousing market, government commitments, lack of innovation in the constructionand reliability in the delivery of mass production only strengthensas to why prefab should be the next step the UK takes to aid the housingcrisis. The timing is right, but how will this materialize when many pastprefab examples in different countries have, eventually, all come to and end.
Maison Le Citrohan, Usonian homes, Maisonde Meudon and the packaged house, with the exception of Usonian homes, are allexamples of designs with the intentions of being mass produced in the machineera. Throughout the 20th century the formation of the Americanprefabs improved in conception and application, but still halted whereas ToyotaHousing Corporation is continuing to thrive throughout 15 years. Fingers pointtowards Forthe moment this kind of construction is still a niche market and recalls forgovernment to set in to stimulate the new industry.