English – topics Essay
MoscowThe history of Moscow began in 1147, and since so Moscow has ever had a prima place in the life of the whole state. It is the political, cultural, scientific Centre of Russia.
Coming to Moscow for the first clip, many tourers start sightseeing with Red Square. In Red Square they visit St.Basil ‘s ( – ) Cathedral, a chef-d’oeuvre of ( – ) antediluvianRussian ( – ) architecture.
It was built in memory of the triumph over Kazan in 1552 The memorial standing in forepart of St.Basil ‘s Cathedral tells us of the people ‘s triumph over Polish encroachers in 1612. On the memorial you can read the undermentioned words: “ To citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky from thankful Russia ” .On the district of the Kremlin we can see the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great built in the fifteenth century. At its pes there is another ancient memorial – the Tsar Bell weighing 200 dozenss.Opposite the Cathedral is the Museum of History.If you are interested in humanistic disciplines you ‘d break see the Tretyakov Art Gallery which contains antic Russian icons, monumental pictures and historical themesperformed by Peredvizhniki, Repin, Surikov, Levitan and other great creative persons. If you visit the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts you ‘ll ( – ) admirethe ( – ) magnificentshow of West-European pictures of the 13th-20th centuries.
Moscow has over 60 historical, art, natural scientific discipline and literary museums, memorial houses and flats, exhibition halls.Moscow is a metropolis of world-famous theaters. The Bolshoi Theatre was opened in 1825. Its ( – ) repertoryincludes more so 50 operas and concert dances. The Maly Drama theater, the Moscow Art Theatre, the Obraztsov Central Puppet Theatre enjoy great ( – ) popularity.Moscow has first-class athleticss ( – ) installations. The Lenin bowl and the Moscow Sports Complex “ Olympijski ” are the largest athleticss composite in my state. Moscow is a metropolis of scientific discipline.
It has 100s of scientific establishments and higher instruction constitutions, among which is Moscow Power Engineering Institute.Unknown wordsadmire -& # 1083 ; & # 1102 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1103 ;Moscow power technology institute ( proficient university )-in brief – mpeiMoscow Power Engineering Institute is province higher instruction institute and has the position of proficient university.MPEI is well-known as one of the largest Technical Universities of Russia in the Fieldss of power technology, electrical technology, electronics, information sciences, computing machine scientific discipline.
It has modern educational and scientific research labs, big experimental installations, educational-scientific heat station, educational-scientific Television Centre. It has the Particular Design Bureau which deals with deep infinite communicating systems, several Centres of deep infinite communicating in different parts of Russia. More than 1500 computing machines ( big, medium and personal ) and modern technological equipment are distributed through the MPEI Departments. MPEI is developing the specializer for the foreign states during 50 old ages and now the pupils of 68 states are trained in MPEI. For big successes in preparation of high-qualified applied scientists and scientific research workers MPEI was ( – ) officiallyawarded by two Russian orders and six orders of different foreign states.
Many celebrated foreign individuals have got the instruction in MPEI:& # 183 ; Ion Iliesku, the President of Romania,& # 183 ; Li Peng, the Prime-Minister of the State Council of China,& # 183 ; Vladimir Dvorjecek, the Director of TESLA ( Czekia ) .Moscow Power Engineering Institute was founded at 1930 on the base of ( – ) Facultyof Electrical Engineering of Moscow Technical University named after Bauman and of Faculty of Electrical Industrial Engineering of the Institute of National Economy named after Plekhanov.Now MPEI has the chief abode in Moscow and three subdivisions: in Kazan, in Smolensk, in Volzgskij. Entire measure of pupils in Moscow is about 20 & # 8217 ; 000The educational and research activity of MPEI is directed to developing the Bachelors of Science, Engineers and Masters ofScience in the really broad Fieldss of modern Power Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science ;There are several modules:& # 183 ; Power Engineering Industry Faculty& # 183 ; Thermal Power Engineering Faculty& # 183 ; Industrial Heat Engineering Faculty& # 183 ; Electromechanical Faculty& # 183 ; Faculty of Electrical Equipment and Automatization of industry and conveyance& # 183 ; Electrical Power Engineering Faculty ( ? ? ? )& # 183 ; Faculty of Automatics and Computers module of Electronics engineerings& # 183 ; Radio Engineering Faculty& # 183 ; Power Physics Faculty& # 183 ;In conformity with MPEI`s Charter MPEI has the right to present to its` graduates the undermentioned academic grades:& # 183 ; (-) Bachelorof Science in Engineering ( Bch. Sc.
) ;& # 183 ; Diplomized Engineer ( Dipl. Eng. ) ;& # 183 ; Master of Science in Engineering ( Ms. Sc. ) ;& # 183 ; Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering and Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematics and Physics ( Ph.D. ) ;Duration of doting in MPEI is from 4 old ages ( for Bachelors ) to 9 old ages ( for Doctors )Great Britain1.
GeneralThe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British ( – ) Isles. It consists of four parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. England, Wales and Scotland(–)occupythe district of Great Britain.
Northern Ireland is situated in the northern portion of Ireland. The district of the United Kingdom is about 244 square kilometers. His the seventy-fifth topographic point among other states in the universe. The population is over 55 million. About 80 % of the population is ( – ) urban.
The capital of the state is London.2. Geographic place and physical characteristics:The surface of Great Britain ( – ) varies( – ) greatly. The northern and western portion of the counattempt is mountains and is called the Highlands. All the remainder ( south, east and Centre ) is a ( – ) vastfield which is called the Lowlands. The mountains are non really high. The rivers are non long.
The most of import of them are the Severn and the Thames. There are many beautiful lakes in the ( – ) cragged field which is called the Lowlands. The mountains are non really high. The rivers are non long. The most of import of them are the Severn and the Thames. There are many beautiful lakes in the ( – ) craggedparts of the state. parts of the state.
3. ClimateThe mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm Waterss of the Gulf Stream influence the clime of Great Britain.The conditions in GB is really mutable. A all right forenoon can alter into a wet afternoon and eventide and the incorrect side out. The English people say: “ Other states have a clime ; in England we have weather.
” The English besides say that they have three discrepancies of conditions: when it rains in the forenoon, when it rains in the afternoon or when it rains all twenty-four hours long.The best clip of the twelvemonth in GB is jumping ( of class, it rains in spring excessively ) . The two worst months in Britain are January and February. They are cold, ( – ) moistnessand unpleasant.
Summer months are instead cold and there can be a batch of showery yearss. So most people who look frontward to summer vacations, program to travel ( – ) abroadfor the summer.4. National economic systemGreat Britain is a extremely developed industrial state. It is known as one of the universe ‘s largest manufacturers and exporters of Fe and steel merchandises, machinery and electronics, chemicals and fabric, aircraft and pilotage equipment. One of the main industries of the state is shipbuilding.Great Britain is a state with old cultural traditions and imposts.
The most celebrated educational Centres are Oxford and Cambridge universities. They are considered to be the rational Centres of Europe. The instruction is non free, it is really expensive.5. Politic systemThe United Kingdom is a ( – ) monarchyand the Queen is the caput of province. But in pattern it is ruled by the elective authorities with a Prime Minister at the caput. The British Parliament consists of two Chamberss: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. There are three chief political parties in Great Britain: the London, the ( – ) Conservativeand the Liberal parties, The Conservative party is the governing party presents.
Unknown wordsvary -& # 1084 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1103 ;huge -& # 1075 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1084 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1081 ; , & # 1086 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1096 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1081 ;damp -& # 1089 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ;abroad -& # 1079 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1094 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1081 ;USA1. GeneralThe United States of America was formed by emigres in 1382. The USA makes up of 62 provinces.
Washington, the capital of the United States is situated on the Rotomac River in the District of Columbia. The territory is a piece of land which does n’t belong to any province but to all the provinces. All these provinces are ( – ) sovereignty.2. Geographic place and physical characteristics:The USA occupy a big district and are situated in the cardinal and southern portion of North America. The USA is washed by the Atlantic ocean in the E and by the Pacific ocean in the West. In the North, the USA has boundary lines on Canada and in the South on Mexico. The USA is divided into three countries: Eastern country is a upland, cardinal country is a field and Western country is mountains including the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada.
There are five great lakes in the northern portion of the USA. There are: Huron, Michigan, Supireo, Ontario and Erie. They are connected by fast rivers. There is the most celebrated to the whole universe autumn called Niagara Fall. Mississippi together with its ( – ) feederMissouri is the longest river in the universe.3. Climate:Mountain ranges cross the state from north to south and make n’t protect it against cold air from the North and warm one from the South.
The USA has a Continental clime.4. National Economy.
The USA is ahighly developed industrial state. Large militias of oil, ( – ) coal, Fe and other minerals are solid base of development of Americans industry. Heavy industry ( – ) prevailsin USA, including such subdivisions as the excavation, metallurgical, technology, chemical and hi-tech industries. USA has besides well-developed visible radiation industry which includestextile, ( – ) tanningand ( – ) footwearindustries.
The nutrient industry is good developed excessively. Both animate being ( – ) farmingand farming takes large topographic point in the economic system of the USA.5.
Political systemUnder the Constitution, the federal authorities is divided into three subdivisions. The Congress is ( – ) vestedwith the ( – ) legislativepower and made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. There are 435 members in the House of Representatives and 100 senators. Each province elects two members of the Senate.The executive subdivision is headed by the President, who ( – ) proposesmeasures to Congress, serves as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. The President is chosen in nation-wide elections every 4 old ages.
The 2nd individual in executive subdivision is frailty President. The frailty President, elected from the same political party as the PresidentThe ( – ) judicialsubdivision consists of Federal District Courts, 11 Federal Courts and the Supreme Court. Federal Judgess are appointed by the President. Federal tribunals decide instances affecting federal jurisprudence, struggles between citizens of different provinces.Fundamental law is the most of import papers in the USA. Constitution has been amended 26 times. The Bill of Rights warrants single autonomies: freedom of address, faith and so on.Unknown wordstributary -& # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1082 ;prevail-& # 1090 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ;tanning-& # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1078 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1099 ; & # 1081 ;footwear- & # 1086 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ;animate being farming- & # 1078 ; & # 1080 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1086 ;waistcoat- & # 1086 ; & # 1073 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; ( & # 1074 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1102 ; )legislative- & # 1079 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1082 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1100 ; & # 1085 ; & # 1086 ; & # 1081 ;propose- & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1077 ; & # 1076 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1075 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ;amend- & # 1091 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1091 ; & # 1095 ; & # 1096 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ; , & # 1080 ; & # 1089 ; & # 1087 ; & # 1088 ; & # 1072 ; & # 1074 ; & # 1083 ; & # 1103 ; & # 1090 ; & # 1100 ;