Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary English Language And Literature In The Middle Essay

English Language And Literature In The Middle Essay

Ages Essay, Research Paper

English Language and Literature in the Middle Ages

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English Society of the Middle Ages saw many developments and new tendencies, but

none so obviously as the developments witnessed in the Language and Literature of that clip.

It began with the Norman Conquest: facile French words substituted for the? harsh?

Saxon equivalents, chiefly in the upper degrees of society. Literature began to reflect these

alterations in the linguistic communication, and continued to germinate throughout the Renissance. Together,

these facets helped specify the Middle Ages.

The Norman Conquest took topographic point in 1066 with the decease of King Edward. William

of Normandy, subsequently to be reffered to as? The Conquerer? , fought King Harold in order to

claim the Crown in Britian. Succeeding, William integrated Norman life into the Old

English civilization, concentrating in the higher tribunals and plitical scene. This integrating of

the Norman civilization so filtered down to the lower class.

The developmental tendencies of the English Language can be clearly seen in the

literature of the clip. Geoffrery Chaucer, who? s plants were a precursor to the

Renissance, wrote The Canterbury Tales, a aggregation of narratives set within a framing

narrative of a pilgrim’s journey to Canterbury Cathedral, the shrine of Saint Thomas? Becket. The

poet joins a set of pilgrims, vividly described in the Prologue, who assemble at the

Tabard Inn outside London for the journey to Canterbury. Ranging in position from a

Knight to a low Plowman, they are a elaborate position of 14th-century English society.

Another glance into the life of Middle England was created by William Langland,

who was purportedly the writer of the spiritual fable known as Piers Plowman,

considered one of the greatest English verse form of mediaeval times. This work sarcasms

corruptness among the clergy and the secular governments, and upholds the self-respect and value

of labour, represented by Piers Plowman. Sir Thomas Malory, a transcriber and compiler,

was the writer of the first great English prose heroic poem, Le morte

d’Arthur. It is believed that

he was an English knight of Warwickshire and spent many old ages in prison for political

discourtesies and civic offenses. Le morte d & # 8217 ; Arthur was purportedly composed while the writer

was in prison. It is a digest and interlingual rendition from old Gallic beginnings of most of the

narratives about the legendary Arthur, male monarch of the Britons, and his knights. The work is filled

with compassion for human mistakes and rememberance of the yearss of gallantry. His plants

are followed by John Wycliffe, who gained prominence in 1374 during a drawn-out

difference between Edward III, male monarch of England, and the pontificate over the payment of a

certain apostolic testimonial. Both the male monarch and Parliament were loath to pay the apostolic levies.

Wycliffe wrote several booklets rebuting the Catholic Pope & # 8217 ; s claims and continuing the right of

Parliament to restrict church power.

The growing of towns and clubs helped to distribute the new tendencies witnessed in the

Middle Ages. With towns, society was concentrated, promoting the spread of the new

linguistic communication and civilization. Clubs so helped convey people with similar endowments together,

supplying the ideal conditions for new innovations to originate. One such innovation crucial to

the development of literature and linguistic communication in general was the printing imperativeness. Developed by

Johann Gutenberg of Germany, the printing imperativeness allowed plants to be copied and

distributed en masse. William Caxton, the first Englishman to open a printing imperativeness, helped

with the transmittal of new thoughts in the Middle Ages, showing in the Renissance. Caxton

was responsible for the printing of many of the celebrated plants of Middle Age writers,

including Sir Thomas Malory? s Le morte d & # 8217 ; Arthur.

Therefore, it is readily appearent that the Middle Ages of English history was a

important clip in the development of the English linguistic communication and the literature to follow.

Without such developments witnessed in the plants of Chaucer, Wycliffe, and Malory, the

literature that followed, such as the plant of William Shakespeare, would non hold been

possible.