Ending Poverty To End Crime Research Essay
Ending Poverty To End Crime Essay, Research PaperEnding Poverty to End CrimeIn 1995, about 13.
8 per centum of the United States population waspopulating below the Social Security Administration? s ( SSA? s ) poorness criterion.Many of those that do populate below the poorness criterion are given some signifier ofaid, be it pecuniary or otherwise yet, the sum of money given frequentlyconsequences in resource want. For illustration, in 1995, the day-to-day sum ofaid given to a individual on public assistance for nutrient was $ 3.66.
This is hardlyplenty to populate off of for a short period of clip, allow entirely long periods of clip( Cochran et al. 209 ) . For old ages, people have debated as to whether or nonvicinities that had high per centums of people populating in resource wantcause higher offense rates. It has been proven that there is so a direct nexusbetween life in poorness and the offense rate of the vicinity. Its is forthis ground, that the current methods of delegating the sum of assistance given topublic assistance receivers must be adjusted to lower offense rates.Whether or non merely increasing the sum of assistance given will diminish offenserates, is still of much argument.
In the consequences of a survey conducted by Judithand Peter Blau, socioeconomic inequality was stated to be the ground for thehigher offense rates in big metropolitan countries. They claim that it is reallythe income differences shown between societal categories that leads to tensionbetween the categories which consequences in the higher offense rates. They claim thatwhether or non households live in resource want, there will ever be acontinuously higher offense rate. ( Blau, 122 ) .
Most are opposed to this positionnevertheless, and think that the simple relief of resource want willadequately lower offense rates.The primary ground for a belief in the demand for the accommodation of the currentmethods or delegating assistance given to welfare receivers, is the consequences of theresearch done by Hanon and Defranzo. Hannon and Defronzo? s research was aneffort to find whether or non there is a direct nexus between poorness andoffense. They did this by analysing informations of big metropolitan counties. Thecounties were selected based chiefly on three standards. The first was that thecounty had to hold a resident population of 100,000 people or more. The 2ndstandard was that the county be designated by the nose count as being ametropolitan area. The 3rd standard was that the county had available recordsof offense activity in the country.
The consequences found that many of the statistics,which were reported by the Blau? s to hold no evident consequence on offense rates,really did impact the rates. Unemployment and the per centum of adult females in thelabour force were found to hold a positive relationship on the offense ratesalthough merely for non-violent offenses. In simpler footings, the article states thatwhen there is equal public assistance support in the sum that will somewhat diminishthe sum of resource want, the offense rates will so demo to be nonaffected by poorness rates. The rates showed that the poorest vicinities hadthe highest rate of offense. The survey besides showed that those having the samesum of assistance in one country could hold significantly higher or lower rates ofoffense due to the fact that there are no cost of populating accommodations ( 388 ) .With the consequences demoing the direct nexus between resource want andoffense rates, it would look evident to most people that there is a definitedemand for public assistance reform. However, the United States authorities has non taken anystairss to relieve the want in the destitute countries. No cost of lifeaccommodation is scheduled to be implemented into the authoritiess public assistance policyany clip shortly, and until so the offense rates will stay high.
Hanon andDefranzo? s research shows that if you alleviate the resource want byincluding cost of populating accommodations in the sum of assistance received by public assistancereceivers, you will take down the rate of offense in the country to which the cost ofpopulating accommodation it applied. Until the clip comes that the authorities includesthese accommodations rates of offense will non take down in the metropoliss no affair whatsum of offense bar is implemented.Blau, Judith and Peter Blau. ? The Cost of Inequality:Metropolitan Structure And ViolentCrime? . JSTOR.org. January 2001. 10 February 2001& lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.
jstor.org/fcgibin/jstor/postquery.fcg/8dd5532a.9821623810/1? configsortorder=SCORE & A ; frame=frame & A ; displaced personi=3 & A ; config=jstor & gt ; .Cochran, Clarke E. , et Al. American Public Policy: AnIntroduction.
6th erectile dysfunction. New York:Deserving Publishers. 1999: 207-210.Hannon, Lance and James Defronzo. ? The Truly Disadvantaged,Public Assistance, and Crime. ? Social Problems Vol.
45No. 3 August ( 1998 ) : 383- 388 390-391.