During was in support for an agrarian
During the 1830’s and 1840’s, the Democratic Party and the Whig Party were commonly opposed to each other in their political agenda.
The Whig Party was originally formed in contention to the Democratic Party and its policies. In order to promote manufacturing in America, the Whigs favored banking and economic protectionism, while the Democratic Party was in support for an agrarian republic run by the common man. The views and aspirations of the Democratic and Whig parties for the country differ, yet compare regarding subjects that greatly affected the United States such as western expansion and the role of the federal government in the economy. To commence, the ideals of western expansion and the role of the federal government in the economy coincide within both parties. Both the Democrats and Whigs supported the idea of American Indian removal to a certain extent. The parties contained supporters who wished to live in areas where American Indians were currently settled, so both parties were in favor of removing American Indians in order to appease the requests by their supporters. Democrats and Whigs also contained similar views on the role of the federal government in the economy through their ideals on central government. Even though the Whigs did not support numerous types of government intercession, they still possibly were in favor of central government.
Many Whigs utilized cheap child labor to acquire larger profits than their previous methods attained. The Democrats also partially favored central government. During his presidency, Jackson utilized the veto a profuse amount of times, notably against the National Bank which violated the constitutional values and principles of social equality. These similarities that can be seen in the political concepts of the Democrats and Whigs provided a common ground of ideals that were necessary to maintain order in the country during this formidable period.Moreover, the views and ideals of western expansion and the role of the federal government in the economy between the two parties differed in various ways. Democrats, mostly Southern, were in favor of western expansion due to their views on expanding crop plantations such as cotton and their views on advancing slavery into the west. However, many Whigs were uneasy on the extension and advancement of slavery. Due to the many issues on the topic of slavery extension, the focus on the anti-slavery movement caused for the prevention of the Whig party’s nomination for a full term president, Millard Fillmore, to retain the presidential office.
General Scott was then nominated but many Whig leaders eventually left the party. Whigs and Democrats also differed on the ideals of the role of the federal government in the economy. Most Democrats believed that the federal government should stay small. They believed that the government in general should not be controlling the way people handle or conduct themselves privately. This in turn made Democrats less aggressive towards economic development in America.
However, Whigs supported an active federal government. They were in favor of utilizing funds to finance various internal improvements such as the construction of railroads and turnpikes. Whigs also believed that through anti-slavery legislation, the power of the government could be utilized as a way to boost the moral health of the country. These differences ultimately resulted in contrasting views that sparked national debate among the people of the United States.Overall, the similarities and differences between the values of the Democratic and Whig parties can be seen through the development of the Compromise of 1850. The conflict between the parties over the issue of slavery caused for the creation of the Compromise of 1850.
The compromise was a resolution over the issue of slavery in territories gained after the Mexican-American War. Two major outcomes of the compromise was the abolishment of the slave trade in Washington D.C. and amendment of the Fugitive Slave Law.
The similarities and differences between the Democratic and Whig parties bestowed new ideals and views regarding western expansion and the role of the federal government in the economy.