Dionysus Essay Research Paper Dionysus was the
Dionysus Essay, Research PaperDionysus was the God of the vine. He invented vino and spread the art of be givening grapes. He had a double nature. On one manus, he brought joy and Godhead rapture. On the other manus, he brought ferociousness, inconsideration and fury. This reflected both sides of vino & # 8217 ; s nature. If he chooses, Dionysus can drive a adult male mad. No normal hobbles can keep him or his followings.
Dionysus was the boy of Zeus and Semele. He was the lone God to hold a mortal parent. Zeus came to Semele in the dark, unseeable, felt merely as a Godhead presence. Semele was pleased to be a lover of a God, even though she did non cognize which 1. Word shortly got about and Hera rapidly realized who was responsible. Hera went to Semele in camouflage and convinced her she should see her lover as he truly was.
When Zeus next came to her, she made him assure to allow her one want. She went so far as to do him curse on the River Styx that he would allow her petition. Zeus was frantically in love and agreed. She so asked him to demo her his true signifier.
Zeus, was unhappy, and knew what would go on but, holding sworn he had no pick. He appeared in his true signifier and Semele was immediately burned to decease by the sight of his glorification. Zeus did pull off to deliver Dionysus and stitched him into his thigh to keep him until he was ready to be born. His birth from Zeus entirely conferred immortality upon him.
Dionysus & # 8217 ; jobs with Hera were non yet over. She was still covetous and arranged for the Titans to kill him. The Titans ripped him into pieces. However, Rhea brought him back to life. After this, Zeus arranged for his protection and turned him over to the mountain nymphs to be raised. Dionysus wandered the universe actively promoting his cult.
He was accompanied by the Maenads, wild adult females, flush with vino, shoulders draped with a dun tegument, transporting rods tipped with pine cones. While other Gods had temples, the followings of Dionysus worshipped him in the forests. Here, they might travel into huffy provinces where they would rend apart and eat natural any animate being they came upon. Dionysus was besides one of the really few that was able to convey a dead individual out of the underworld. Even though he had ne’er seen Semele, he was concerned for her. Finally he journeyed into the underworld to happen her.
He faced down Thanatos ( Death ) and brought her dorsum to Mount Olympus. Dionysus became one of the most of import Gods in mundane life. He became associated with several cardinal constructs.
One was metempsychosis after decease. Here his taking apart by the Titans and return to life is symbolically echoed in be givening vines, where the vines must be pruned back aggressively, and so go dormant in winter for them to bear fruit. The other is the thought that under the influence of vino, one could experience possessed by a greater power. Unlike the other Gods, Dionysus was non merely outside his trusters but, besides within them. At these times, a adult male might be greater so himself and make plants he otherwise could non. The festival for Dionysus is in the spring when the foliages begin to re-emerge on the vine.
It became one of the most of import events of the twelvemonth. Its focal point became the theatre. Most of the great Grecian dramas were ab initio written to be performed at the banquet of Dionysus. Those who took portion, including authors, histrions and witnesss, were regarded as sacred retainers of Dionysus during the festival. This is a God who gives pleasance to mankind: he discovered honey and the vine and its cultivation. But some say that it was Aristaeus who discovered honey and that he competed with his honey against the vino of Dionysus but Zeus gave the first award to the vino. Some say that Oeneus, male monarch of Calydon, was the first to have a vine-plant from Dionysus.
Dionysus formed the adult females ( MAENADS ) into an ground forces and made a run over all the inhabited universe. Dionysus is besides known because of his Indian run. He besides instructed all work forces in the cognition of his rites, but he punished badly those who opposed him ( like Lycurgus and Pentheus ) . He was attended by SATYRS, MAENADS and others. Semele was a girl of Cadmus and Harmonia. Zeus fell in love with Semele and consorted with her. But Hera was covetous, and in order to deceive Semele, Hera took the form of Beroe, Semele & # 8217 ; s nurse, and told Semele to inquire Zeus to come to her as he comes to Hera, so that she would cognize what pleasance it is to kip with a God. At her suggestion Semele made this petition to Zeus and was smitten by a bolt of lightning.
Later Dionysus brought up his female parent from Hades, named her Thyone, ascended with her to heaven and there she was made immortal by Zeus. After Semele & # 8217 ; s decease Zeus carried the unborn kid in his thigh. When the kid was born Zeus brought him to Nysa in Arabia where the male child was reared by NYMPHS. But it is besides said that Hermes entrusted Dionysus to Athamas and Ino, and persuaded them to rise up him as a miss. But Hera ( or Tisiphone ) drove them mad, and Athamas hunted his senior boy Learchus as a cervid and killed him. The CORYBANTES are besides named as defenders of Dionysus in his turning yearss.
The HYADES are sometimes said to hold been the nurses of Dionysus and to hold been put to flight by Lycurgus, male monarch of the Edonians ( Thrace ) or the Arabians, who was the first to throw out Dionysus. Or else, river NYMPHS ( NYMPHS LAMUSIDES ) , took attention of the kid Dionysus, but they were maddened by Hera. Hera hated him so much that she promised Artem is to the giant Alcyoneus if he would fight against Dionysus.
And to the giant Chthonius she promised Aphrodite if he would do the same thing. Hera incited also the giant Peloreus against Dionysus and to the giant Porphyrion she promised Hebe as his wife if he would fight Dionysus. Hera drove Dionysus mad and when Dionysus was afflicted with madness he came to a large swamp which he could not cross. He was then met by two Asses and one of them carried him across the water so that he could reach a temple of Zeus.
When Dionysus came to the temple he was freed at once from his madness and, feeling gratitude for the Asses he put them among the stars (Asellus Borealis and Asellus Australis in Cancer) and gave human voice to the Ass which had carried him. This Ass is said to be the saddle-ass of Silenus, a Satyr adviser and instructor of Dionysus. He came to Cybela in Phrygia where Rhea, the mother of the gods, purified him and taught him the rites of initiation. He then came to Thrace where Lycurgus was king of the Edonians, who lived beside the river Strymon. This Lycurgus was the first to insult Dionysus and expel him. Dionysus learned of the plot of Lycurgus against him from Charops, the grandfather of Orpheus, and he conquered the Thracians in a battle and killed Lycurgus, or else Lycurgus was maddened by the god and killed himself.
Thereupon, out of gratitude to Charops for his aid, Dionysus made over to him the kingdom of the Thracians and instructed him in the secret rites connected with the initiations. Later the son of Charops took over both the kingdom and the initiatory rites. It is also said that when Dionysus was persecuted by Lycurgus he took refuge in the sea with Thetis the Nereid, while the MAENADS were taken prisoners together with the SATYRS that attended him. But when the MAENADS were released, and Dionysus drove Lycurgus mad, the latter struck his son dead with an axe, imagining that he was lopping a branch of a vine, and having cut off his son’s extremities, he recovered his mind.
Others say that Lycurgus was almost killed by the MAENADS but was saved by Hera and made immortal, but first he was driven mad by Zeus so that no other man should be as proud as he. It is also told that the Edonians themselves bound him to horses which rent him in pieces, because they believed Dionysus who had said that the land would not bear fruit until Lycurgus was put to death. When Dionysus came to Thebes, he forced the women to abandon their houses and rave in Bacchic frenzy on Cithaeron. King Pentheus attempted to put a stop to these proceedings, but he was torn limb from limb by his mother, who believed him to be a wild beast, or by the MAENADS. After Thebes Dionysus came to Argos, and because they did not wish to honor him, he drove the women mad, and they devoured the infants whom they carried at their breasts to the mountains. On another occasion Dionysus desired to sail from Icaria to Naxos.
He then hired a Tyrrhenian pirate ship. But when Dionysus was on board, they sailed not to Naxos but to Asia, intending to sell him as a slave. So Dionysus turned the mast and oars into snakes, and filled the vessel with ivy and the sound of flutes so that the SAILORS went mad, and leaping into the sea, were turned into dolphins. Others say Dionysus came on board when these SAILORS, having leapt ashore, captured him, stripped him of his possessions and tied him with ropes.
When Theseus came to Crete, Ariadne, being amorously disposed to him, offered to help him if he would agree to carry her away to Athens and have her to wife. Theseus having agreed on oath to do so, she asked Daedalus to disclose the way out of the labyrinth. And at his suggestion she gave Theseus a clue when he went in.
And having found the Minotaur he killed him; and drawing the clue after him made his way out again. And by night he arrived with Ariadne at Naxos. There Dionysus fell in love with Ariadne and carried her off, when deserted by Theseus. He brought her to Lemnos and there she had children by him. Some say she had children by Theseus as well.
Ariadne’s final fate is most uncertain. Some say that she was killed by Artemis, for something that Dionysus told the goddess. Others say that she was turned into stone when Perseus shook in front of her the face of Medusa. Still others say that she hung herself because she was abandoned by Theseus.
It is also told that Theseus and Ariadne, coming from Crete, were driven out of their course by a storm to Cyprus. Ariadne was big with child and Theseus set her on shore alone, while he was borne out to sea again by the storm. Ariadne was taken into the care of the Cyprian women, who helped her during the pangs of travail, and gave her burial when she died before her child was born. Yet others say that Ariadne was made immortal by Zeus and that Dionysus set the Crown among the stars as a memorial of the dead Ariadne. Aura, a Phrygian huntress unacquainted with love, daughter of the Titan Lelantus and the Oceanid Periboea, was ravished by Dionysus while asleep.
She had twins but killed one of the children and in despair she threw herself into the river Sangarius and was transformed into a fountain by Zeus. Nicaea was a huntress and nymph of Astacia with whom Hymnus fell in love. She grew angry and killed him as he was declaring his love for her. However later, having drunk wine, she fell asleep and Dionysus seduced her