Definition- dominant cultural expectations”. Examples- There are
Definition- Accordingto theAmerican Heritage Science Dictionary(2013), from Dictionary.com website: ” Societyis a group of people involved in persistent social interaction, or a largesocial group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typicallysubject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations”. Examples- There aremany different types of society: • Hunting and gathering societies- Thehunting and gathering society is the earliest from of society. This is where members survive primarily byhunting food, gathering woods, trapping, and fishing eatable foods/plants forsurvival. • Pastoral societies-Society that rely onproducts obtained through the domestic work and breeding of animals fortransportation and also to survive. • Horticultural societies- Are Societiesthat rely on cultivation of fruits, vegetables and plants. • Agricultural societies- Society thatrely on the use of technology in order to cultivate crops in large areas(wheat, rice and corn). • Industrial societies- society that rely onadvance energy sources.
• Post-industrial societies- Society thatfocuses on providing services and technology rather than focusing onproduction. Pair- Society can bepaired with industrialization. According to Sheffrin, Steven M.(2003), “Industrialization is the periodof social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrariansociety into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation ofan economy for manufacturing”. Theories- Sociologiststoday is consisted of three primarily theoretical perspectives: the symbolic interactionistperspective, the conflict perspective and the functionalist perspective. Importance- Society isimportant because it provides us with a system and also a stable platform thatwe work together to seek the betterment of the world.
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With the constant effortsof the society, we as humans are able to improve our living and social rights.We are advancing due to the collective social efforts hence without society weare animals. Limitation- I believethat there are limits to everything in terms of our physical world. All of ourresources will eventually run out. Therefore, I believe that at some point inthe future we will enter a situation where increases in all our input willresult in smaller and smaller amounts of output. Even if we find a way toutilize renewable resources to fuel our society, there is also a limit to that. GroupsDefinition: According to Turner, J. C.
(1982). Tajfel, H,” groups are usually defined as a number of people who identify and interactwith one another.” This definition is very broad because it includes varioustypes groups. Examples: In sociology there are two types ofgroups mentioned; primary groups and secondary groups.
Primarysocialization is when a young sibling learns the values and moralsin society and learns how to cope with other. Secondary socialization refers to the process of learning;this is when a child learns how to behave in an appropriate way. They learn howto conduct themselves and do what is right.Pair: From myperspective, groups can be paired with organizations because I would consider asthe same where as a group of persons come together to accomplish a common goal. Theories: Aspectsof a group that might be studied include the quality of the specific outputproduced by a group, the type and frequency of the group activities, itscohesiveness, the conflict, and others. We are born into this world alone andyet when we die we will be alone, no one will be with us.
Everything is leftbehind, all the wealth and riches that we have into existence. Importance: The importance of social group are explainedand defined by the way in which we interact with our peers and others that wecome in contact with on a daily basis. Limitation: Group tasks require a lot planning and management, this is also known to take time out of your schedule. Students mostly rely on a specific source if they cannot complete the task.
Thearticle I read was entitled understanding the perception of racism in today’ssociety. Base on reading this article, it was somewhat related to the cultureof how we live and operate as humans. How we grew up and what instil in us as achild. The article spoke about racism and I think that has an impact on ourculture, how we think and perceive things.Definition: Culture isthe shared products of human groups and on the other hand, societies arepeople, and culture refers to the components and the resources people create. Examples: MaterialCulture and Nonmaterial Culture.
Material culture is the physical objects suchas books, clothing, utensils and other tangible material while nonmaterial isthe abstracts human creations, such as beliefs, language, ideas such asintangible. Pair: Culture would bepaired with group because in society there are different many different typesof groups. Culture is the shared products of human group. There are groups ofpeople, work, schools, business places, resources and many others.Theories: The theory ofculture mainly focuses on the various aspects of humans from our presentsociety and from the past. This is also the study of norms and values that arepresented in our society.
And semiotics is the meaningful conversation we havein culture.Importance: Culture is said to provide important social and economic aspects.With improved learning and health, and opportunities to come together withothers, culture enhancesour quality of life and increases overall stability for both our individuallives and communities.Limitations: One of thebiggest identified issues in the limitation of culture is language. Based on myreading, culture is cannot be limited, culture is basically who we are, is saidto be instilled in us from we were young until now. It helps us to pass this informationto our future generation.