Compare the current models of Abnormal Behavior
The current models of abnormal behavior include the biological model, the psychoanalytic model, the cognitive-behavioral model, the diathesis-stress model, and the systems theory. Basically, all of these models explain the causes and reasons of abnormal behavior in humans. The biological model states that an abnormal behavior is significantly linked to diseases that have symptoms which can be identified and classified. In this model, after identifying the symptoms, a person can get a diagnosis and receive treatment in order to cure his or his disease and, in effect, also treat his or her abnormal behavior. The psychoanalytical model, on the other hand, states that abnormal behavior is the result of conflicts or clashes between the Id, Ego, and Superego, which are the three structural parts that pertain to the functions of the mind. For example, when the Id, which contains the basic drives such as sexual drives and hunger, is in conflict with the Superego, which includes a person’s ability to prohibit or regulate his or her basic drives, it may result into an abnormal behavior, such as anxiety.
The cognitive-behavioral model states how a person learns a behavior through positive or negative reinforcement and how he or she reacts to that behavior through cognition. The abnormal behavior in this model are mainly caused by negative emotions which are, in turn, the direct result of negative thoughts such as wrong assumptions, maladaptive attitudes, and illogical thinking, among others. On the other hand, the diathesis-stress model states that abnormal behavior is caused by genetic and biological factors. In this model, the assumption is that a disposition or susceptibility to a certain disorder may be caused by the combination of learning at an early stage and one’s own genes, such as schizophrenia. Finally, the systems model states that an abnormal behavior can result from differences or problems in various aspects of a person, particularly the social aspect, such as his or her needs, attributes and expectations as he or she interacts with other people. In other words, the systems model deals with the disorders caused by the interaction between groups and individuals.