Power Cold War Worksheet Power, Ideology, and Terror in the Atomic Age Worksheet The Cold War Answer each of the following questions in a single paragraph: 1. What role did atomic weapons play in the Cold War? Summarize nuclear developments from 1945 to 1991. Capitalist and communist nations distrusted each other and wanted to further their own ideals while stopping the spread of the other. This led to the formation of NATO and other pacts to protect their respective “areas”. This also resulted in new forms of technology, both for war and offensive weapons such as the hydrogen bomb, ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles), and satellites. . What important events and symbolism in Berlin helped define the Cold War? The important events in Berlin that helped define the Cold War were the division of the country and capital into East and West Germany, one being communist the other capitalist. The important symbolism in Berlin that helped define the Cold War was the creation of the Berlin Wall because it was not just a physical representation of the segregation of the nation but also a symbolic one because it divided not just the city but the Germany people from friends and loved ones, who were so close yet so far away. . Why did European communism collapse? European communism collapsed because it no longer had popular support and faced both political and economic problems. After World War II, the Soviet Union (with Stalin at the helm) put all the money it received from the Eastern European states into its arms race and with no money being sent back into the country. This caused a tailspin in the countries’ economies and ultimately led to the fall of communism in Europe. Terrorism and the West Answer each of the following questions with a short sentence or phrase: 1.
Why were many Palestinians angered by the creation of Israel in 1948? Palestinians were angered by the creation of Israel in 1948 because the United Nations intervened and granted more land to Israel than to Palestine. 2. Why did the United States and the Soviet Union each support different terrorist organizations? The reasons the United States and the Soviet Union each supported different terrorist organizations was because they saw them as potential allies who could help further their cause without the governments getting truly involved, essentially creating puppet regimes. . What happened to the Arab countries that attempted direct military action against Israel? While there does not appear to be any major consequences to the Arab countries that attempted direct military action against Israel, they did lose some credibility in the eyes of the world because they failed in their objective. Israel still exists and successfully fought of their attempts. The motivation for Palestinian terrorism was that they were not being truly considered in the division of the country and the Jewish people were given more land than they were. 4. What is jihad?
A jihad is an Islamic term regarding the religious duty of Muslims. It literally means struggle and is used in reference to holy acts or living virtuously. However it has been used in both violent and no-violent ways. When used violently, jihad is used to fight injustice or oppression. 5. What motivated paramilitary groups in the Troubles of Northern Ireland? The motivation for paramilitary groups in the Troubles of Northern Ireland was the desire to remain unified and a part of the United Kingdom. At the time, the British government wanted to divide Ireland in two.
This division would have resulted in the south, which was predominantly Catholic to be independent while the remaining counties would remain part of the United Kingdom. 6. What motivated the Red Army Faction and the Red Brigades? What motivated the Red Army Faction and the Red Brigades was a desire for a change in the regimes. The Red Army Faction was upset at the ineffectual removal of Nazis from power, as many government offices still had Nazis in power. The Red Brigades wanted a revolutionary state achieved through armed fights. They wanted to be rid of communists and used violent means to achieve their ends. . What motivated the 1995 bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City? The motivation behind the Oklahoma City bombing was Timothy McVeigh’s anti-government feelings. Although he initially stated it was revenge for Waco and Ruby Ridge, he later admitted he began to harbor anti-government sentiments following his stint in the military. 8. What are the motives of the ETA and loyalist paramilitary forces in Spain’s Basque country? The motives of the ETA and loyalist paramilitary force in Basque are to create an independent Marxist state in the region. 9. What were the four major events of September 11, 2001?
The four major events of September 11, 2001 were the hijacking of four commuter planes that led to the attacks on the World Trade Center (Twin Towers), the Pentagon, the attempt on the White House or Capitol Building which caused the passengers to crash the plane. 10. What were the motives of Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda? There were many motives stated both before and after the attacks. These motives were the United States supporting Israel, the US military presence in Saudi Arabia, and the US enforcing sanctions against Iraq. The Lessons of History Answer each of the following questions in one paragraph: 1.
How did American and Soviet involvement in Afghanistan contribute to the Taliban’s takeover in that country? What were the unintended consequences for the United States of Taliban rule in Afghanistan? Was the conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbors a part of the Cold War, a religious or ethnic clash, or a conflict between good and evil? Defend your answer. 2. How has oil contributed to world events and conflicts since 1973? What historical lessons should Western governments remember in dealing with oil-rich countries like Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Russia, and Iran? Oil has contributed to world events and conflicts since 1973.
One example is when Syria and Egypt launched surprise attacks on Israel. This conflict caused the price of oil to rise. The West not going to be able to continually increase its energy consumption by 5% annually while still paying low oil prices and selling good at inflation prices. The historical lessons Western governments should remember when dealing with oil rich countries are governments are notorious for manipulating inflation prices for their benefit and will use their oil as a bargaining tool when the want to invade weaker countries to get the “big” countries out of the way. . Which of the following historical events should inform Western treatment of suspected terrorists? Select one and defend your choice: a. The Reign of Terror in revolutionary France b. Prisoner of war treatment during World War II c. Internment of Jews and of Japanese-Americans during World War II d. Decolonization e. Prisoner of war treatment during the Vietnam War