What was once thought to be the content of fiction novels and comic books is now being fully explored and realized in the cutting edge world of modern science. Scientists now possess the necessary capabilities and technology to make the process of human cloning a reality. While this is a controversial and rather sensitive topic, cloning is an innovative practice that has the potential to vastly improve the lives of unlimited amounts of people.
Although cloning may prove to be a useful remedy for many of today’s issues, there are those in the scientific and medical fields who remain vehemently opposed to its practice.It is for this reason that lawmakers, scientists, and doctors around the world are currently locked in a fierce standoff that will determine what if any, impact that cloning will have upon our ever-changing society. Each side has compiled substantial evidence against the other as to why cloning should or should not be legalized and practiced. It is my strong belief that the curative effects that could be reaped by practicing cloning far outweigh the arguments of anti-cloning advocates; the practice of human cloning should be legalized and practiced.Countless individuals could benefit from its various applications and the future of medicine would be drastically enhanced. The most prevalent and observable argument to support cloning lies in the form of cures. For centuries people have suffered from the undesirable effects of genetic diseases such as Tay-Sachs and Cystic Fibrosis. If cloning is endorsed, scientists will be able to study a subject that houses one of these genetic disorders, isolating the single gene on which the mutation occurs.
Next they would observe the clone of that person, discovering for what reason the irregularity did not occur in their genes. Armed with this valuable data, scientists could then begin to develop gene therapies that would work to alleviate the cause for these rare diseases. While disorders such as Tay Sachs are indeed rare and affect only a small percentage of the population, their mortality rate is incredibly steep. Individuals who are afflicted by these diseases die, often within their first four years of life.There is no viable reason why children should not have the chance to lead full and happy lives, with the help of cloning technology that reality could be achieved.
Those opposed to the practice of human cloning argue that it is unnatural to create a living being for the sole purpose of study and science. This is really not the case at all; while some may be asked to participate in experiments for the betterment of humanity they are not painful or impractical procedures and will only involve taking DNA samples with little or no inconvenience inflicted upon the subject.Besides occasional testing, cloned humans would certainly be able to live normal lives. The fact being that the only difference between them and a regular human is the sequence of their genetic code.
Another supplementary argument can be made on the topic of medical advancements made possible through the cloning process, mankind will be provided with organs and cells with which human’s lives will be saved. If a person needs an organ transplant the normal means of transplantation would involve the removal of an organ from another person.This organ could be rejected and many complications could arise, often with deadly repercussions. Human cloning would involve using the person’s own cells that could be cloned to produce a healthy, normal organ for use in the person. Through this process, there would be no need for anti-rejection drugs to keep the foreign organ alive and working. This is because the organ is essentially the person’s own, being a clone of their own cells.
Cloning would not be limited to just internal organs.For instance, a burn victim is badly burned and needs a skin graft. The normal way of acquiring this new skin would be to artificially grow it in a special lab and attach it to the body in hopes that the body would not reject it. If cloning were used, a sample of the skin could be taken, cloned and then additional cells grown that would be their own cells and would function as normal skin would with no danger of rejection.
An opponent to cloning might say that it is unethical to take organs or other body tissue from a human being.In this case that argument is irrelevant because a whole organism is not being created, merely one or two structures grown for the patients benefit and health. One argument has a substantial emotional factor that is relevant for people of all backgrounds.
Through human cloning, couples along with single women, will have another alternative to conception. First of all, human cloning will benefit couples in which one or both partners has a rare genetic disease, or if conception is possible, but the rare genetic trait will have disastrous, even fatal, effects if the child were conceived naturally.Thus, through human cloning, the child could have the genetic strand altered to prevent the rare genetic disease from appearing. In simpler words parents could create designer children who would be shielded from a wide array of deadly diseases. Secondly, if the parents were for any reason infertile they could use human cloning to clone the cells of either the mother or father and have a genetically related child whose DNA was similar to those of the parent. Finally, cloning humans will benefit single women with the new option of having a child of their own DNA, which was considered impossible until recently.However in the case of some infertile women, the woman wanting to have the child would still not actually conceive the child. Instead, the child would be born to a surrogate mother, a mother in whom the child is not theirs, but someone else’s.
Through cloning, single women and couples have more possibilities of conception than ever before. Some opponents of this practice say that cloning is the equivalent of creating “fake people. ” These claims are largely sensational and are born from a lack of knowledge about the topic.Cloning only involves taking a subjects’ Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and splitting it so that an exact copy of the material is made.
The copy is then transplanted into a surrogate mother in an operation known as invitro-fertilization, where it grows and develops like a natural fetus, culminating in birth as usual. There is nothing unnatural about the result, the clone will not mirror the exact actions of its template as portrayed in Hollywood but rather have similar traits and share a precise genetic code.Another benefit of human cloning is that it will allow scientists as well as pharmaceutical companies to better understand cell differentiation. Research on the basic processes of cell differentiation can lead to dramatic new medical interventions. Cell differentiation is where a stem cell, found inside embryos during the first two weeks of development, specializes into cells that perform specific functions.
These cells have the potential to develop into any type of cell in the human body.Biologists do not know which biological factors induce a stem cell to develop into a specialized cell, whether it is a muscle cell or a nerve cell. A better understanding of cell differentiation will allow biologists to transform stem cells into which ever cell that he desires. Burn and spinal cord injury victims might be provided with artificially produced replacement tissues. Damage done by degenerative disorders like diabetes, Parkinson’s disease or Alzheimer’s disease might be reversed. Biologists might be able to create organs for transplant using merely a dead skin cell.Additionally if pharmaceutical companies were allowed rights to this information it would vastly accelerate the process of discovering cures and remedies and promptly distributing aid to those that truly need it. Cloning for the use of stem cell research has many opponents who argue that this type of research is unethical and should not be pursued.
However there is a significant flaw that goes along with that argument. In the past, stem cell research could only occur using extracted tissue found in developing fetuses’. In order to harvest these valuable materials the fetus would have to be destroyed.This sensitive issue can be altogether avoided with cloning because scientists can now create stem cells that are completely separate entities apart from any living organism. As you can clearly see, the medical backing that supports human cloning is overwhelming and has the potential to significantly increase our quality of life.
Whether it is in the form of a significant scientific breakthrough that cures a deadly disease, or the chance for an infertile couple to experience the joys of parenthood, cloning has many relevant and significant benefits to contribute to society.Opposition to human cloning is largely due to misconceptions that have circulated about its practice and most of these are unsupported by hard scientific fact. No matter the stance of the opposition, the facts still stand; the medical benefits of cloning outweigh the ethical implications of doing so.
In the words of Socrates: “Man must embark upon the righteous conquest of nature for the relief of his own estate. ”