Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary Climate Extreme rains are as well an

Climate Extreme rains are as well an

Climate Change

       Introduction

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Climate change has
been the topic everywhere as serious effects have become evident. The risks
brought about by human, natural activities to the world climate have often been
overlooked, and many years later, we are forced to live with the consequences.
Many people do not know the connection between the aforementioned activities
and climate change. In this case, physics is one of the disciplines that
explain this relationship. The laws and principles thereof are a handy tool for
making it clear how climatically detrimental practices directly translate to
adverse climate effects that include; long destructive rains, long draught
periods, longer winters and many others. By ensuring that everyone knows how
their activities affect the climate for which they depend on, it is easier to
limit such practices and hence salvage the situation. This essay demonstrates
the connection between natural and human activities, and climate change as well
as the benefits thereof.

One of the major
immediate effects of climate change is a rise in surface temperatures, which is
generally attributed to greenhouse gas emissions. The science behind this
phenomenon is what the society does not know and this contributes to some
dismissing these as merely claims (Yang, 780). In thermodynamics, gases are
generally poor conductors of heat. Carbon dioxide gas rises into the atmosphere
which it forms a blanket. This blanket limits the radiation coming from the
surface from escaping to space (Davini, 1385). The result is more and more heat
energy forms the sun remaining on the surface causing temperature rise. This
knowledge brings the greenhouse aspect into perspective, which makes the
society appreciate the importance of limiting the emissions as a measure of
containing climate change. This aspect of climate change is one among others,
which can be explained using physics as in the following sections.

Extreme rains are
as well an evident aftermath of climate change. The warm gases in a heated
atmosphere mean that they can expand hence increasing their volume compared to
colder atmospheres (Yang, 782). The increased volume leads to higher moisture
holding and retention capacity because condensation can be derailed. The longer
periods give time for as much moisture to gather into the air and by the time
cooling occurs, the amount is too high that the downpour thereafter is
destructive in nature. Heavy downpours are especially fatal where the residents
cannot afford durable settlements and drainage infrastructure (Davini, 1387).
The link between the rise in surface temperature and extraordinarily heavy
rains can hence be conceptualized using the laws that entail gaseous expansion,
volume increase, and moisture retention capacity principles.

Flooding has been
a major cause of deaths, especially along the coasts and lowlands. Sea level
rise is known to be the main causation of this phenomena but its connection to
human and natural activity can only be described using physics principles (Yang,
779). First, higher surface temperature heats up and melts polar ice caps
adding into the sea volume. The level of the sea rises and when the discharge
of rivers, which drain into it, increases, flooding results in the coastal areas.
Secondly, the rise in seawater temperatures leads to melting of the ice caps
too. This may result from surface temperature rises as well as volcanic
activity below the seabed. Warmer waters lead to the death of corals, which is
an important part of the marine ecosystems (Frusher, 20). Aquatic fish dies and
hence the communities that depend on them for livelihood suffer the
consequence.

Variations in sea
temperatures also lead to destructive oceanic currents that destroy property,
especially in the coastal areas. Warm water is less dense and therefore where
cold water interacts with warm water, currents develop. In extreme cases, the
movement is so intense that ocean currents develop and travel at great speeds (Yang,
782). The energy so developed is so great that when the currents advance
towards the coastal areas, the kinetic energy is dissipated as the currents die
(Frusher, 25). The coastal structures are subject to great impacts because of
the dissipation process leading to numerous deaths and great loses. Typhoons,
cyclones, and hurricanes are among other destructive effects of the rise in sea
temperatures. When heated air rises from the sea surface, it cools on rising
and when air that is more heated displaces it from below, pressure zones
develop. These zones gather energy as they advance towards the coastal areas;
they gained destructive energy leading to catastrophic impacts along the
coastline.

 The above illustrations describe varying forms
of climatic effects, but they all revolve around the same idea; energy
exchange. The earth receives and gives out energy to the atmosphere and
eventually into outer space. Most of the incoming energy comes from the sun and
the earth has mechanisms to dissipate this energy by into space or incorporate
it in a number of ways. Whenever the process is altered, climatic change
effects become evident because the energy retained is dissipated in ways that
are catastrophic. Energy trapped in the atmosphere as heat energy raises the
temperatures leading to the aforementioned impacts (Frusher, 28). Close to all
the effects are related to the heat energy retained in the atmosphere although
some are the outcome of natural occurrences (Zhou, 1123). The balance between
energy intake, retention and radiation back to the atmosphere is often
distorted by human activities. Distorting this balance makes some of the energy
end up in places other than the natural ones, which mostly turn out disastrous.
Climate change impacts are the result of the above human interference and
physics is the right discipline to explain the phenomena.

Physics deals
primarily with energy; therefore, the very cause of climate change can be
described using the principles outlined in the discipline. It presents the
basic issue which when addressed, will mitigate climatic change effects in a
collective way. Even though other society-based approaches are important in
equal measure, understanding the problem in depth is the key to an everlasting
solution. Social solutions have been in use for quiet long but scientific
solutions have had a much lesser attention (Davini, 1384). Physics is among the
leading science disciplines that provide an elaborate and soundly founded
understanding of the problem at hand as part of generating the solution. To
this effect, models have been developed over the years to model the atmospheric
energy levels and the projected future levels of the same (Zhou, 1133). These
find use in the monitoring efforts of the bodies involved in climate change
management.

Conclusion

In conclusion, physics
is a science discipline, which plays a key role in describing climate change in
relation to energy exchange between the earth and outer space. Its laws and
principles explain why certain phenomena occur in relation to climate change
impacts. The role of man is defined in a clear manner so that he can exploit
that knowledge in adjusting for a better tomorrow. Global warming, hurricanes,
flooding, extreme rainfall and rise in sea level are all aspects of climate
change that can be explained using physics as a science. The society can
clearly comprehend matters climate change, which is a beginning point to a
collective approach to an everlasting solution to the decades-long problem.
Science is a crucial supplement to society-based approaches to the problem and
when this is well coordinated with the existing laws, climate change will be
outdated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited;

Davini,
Paolo, et al. “Climate SPHINX: Evaluating the Impact of Resolution and
Stochastic Physics Parameterisations in the EC-Earth Global Climate
Model.” Geoscientific Model Development, vol. 10, no. 3, 2017, pp.
1383-1402.

Frusher,
Stewart, et al. “From Physics to Fish to Folk: Supporting Coastal Regional
Communities to Understand their Vulnerability to Climate Change in
Australia.” Fisheries Oceanography, vol. 25, no. S1, 2016, pp. 19-28

Yang,
Qiong, et al. “Impact of Model Physics on Seasonal Forecasts of Surface
Air Temperature in the Arctic.” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 145, no. 3,
2017, pp. 773-782.

Zhou,
Lei, et al. “Improved Madden–Julian Oscillations with Improved Physics:
The Impact of Modified Convection Parameterizations.” Journal of Climate,
vol. 25, no. 4, 2012, pp. 1116-1136.