Certain Extract of Lord of The Flies

This is a very important extract from Chapter 4 of Lord of the Flies. It shows us several crucial things; it shows the reader Rorer’s true evil character, the theme of civilization and the innocence of the littlest. One of the first things this extract reveals is Rorer’s evil and macabre personality. Roger has had not much attention so far in the novel and so the detail that the first time he plays much part in the story is when he does something immoral and harmful, shows immediately that Gilding is using him as a symbol of evil.

The reader can see that he has the capability of doing evil, as when he threw the stones at Henry, he “threw to miss”, meaning that at that point in the novel, Roger has not reached his full evil potential. The detail that Roger deliberately aimed “to miss” implies to the reader that at some point later in the novel, Roger will not try and “miss” his target. This, as well as the detail that Roger is throwing stones, foreshadows Piggy’s death, as we know that Roger deliberately aims to crush Piggy with a massive boulder.The size of the “stones” could represent the amount of evil Roger has at a certain point in the novel, the small pebbles from this extract will grow o the size massive boulders by the end of the novel when he kills Piggy after spiraling into savagery. The detail that Roger even has pebbles so early on into the story and in his first real appearance shows that Roger has been evil from the very start of the novel. Gilding wrote this novel shortly after WI, a particularly evil- ridden time, in 1954, so his portrayal of Roger could be him expressing his opinions on evil – that people are born with good and evil.When Roger “stooped” to pick up the first “stone”, he lowered himself enough to embrace the evil inside him. This extract also shows the reader that civilization, a key theme in the novel, is still present at this point in the novel.

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The quote “Rorer’s arm was conditioned” shows the reader this because Roger, the aforementioned symbol of evil, is still bound by “the old life”. Evil is still being contained by the memory of civilization. But the same quote also implies that that binding, that “taboo” will soon break.The use of the word “conditioned” illustrates the reader that the only reason Roger acts like he is, is because of the way he was brought up. It implies that he has been brought up to bee the rules but doesn’t know why; there was no conscious thought as to why he didn’t throw the stones at Henry, it was an automatic response cultivated by civilization. It foreshadows that later on in the novel, when savagery wipes out civilization, there will be nothing to stop Roger throwing the stones and thus killing Piggy.Another connotation of the word “condition” could be the human condition and this could be Gilding once again expressing his concern that humans are born with good and evil. Lastly, this extract also expresses to the reader the innocence and obliviousness of the littlest, through Henry.

The detail that Henry was “surprised” by the stones shows to the reader Just how uncorrupted and innocent he is as he was What Is Revealed in a Certain Extract of Lord of The Flies, Chapter 4 By Unpretentiousness completely oblivious to Rorer’s evil intentions towards him.In addition the way that Henry quickly “lost interest… And wandered off’, demonstrates how mindlessly absent and unaware the littlest are of the evil actions done by people higher up the hierarchy. The Lord of The Flies Island is seen as a microcosm, and the littlest are a representation of the general public.

The way that Gilding portrays the littlest in this extract could be him making a statement about what he thought of the general public at the time, and possibly what he thought of the general public during WI.The detail that Henry “turned obediently’ towards Roger after he threw the “stones” (after he displayed his evil) indicates that Gilding thinks and is trying to express that humans are drawn towards evil. The quote also foreshadows that the littlest will be “turned obediently’ by the person who wields power Sack) and will follow him without question, as they will be oblivious to his evil.If the quote is taken n that way, then Gilding might be saying the same about the general public at the time of WI, that they follow their leaders mindlessly through thick and thin, without even considering that they might have evil intentions.

So it can be clearly seen that this is a very important extract because it gives the reader a glimpse of Rorer’s true character, which foreshadows Piggy’s death (a crucial part of the novel); it shows the theme of civilization, a major concern of Gilding; and lastly it expresses Just how innocent and oblivious the littlest are, and how they are a reflection on the general public.


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