CANDIDATE 2017). While the islands are a
CANDIDATE NAME: AZMI HUSSEIN CENTER NUMBER: KE010CANDIDATE NUMBER:SCHOOL: St. Austin’s Academy MAIN TOPIC: FAMILY Has the fight for gender equality contributed to increasein divorce rates? INTRODUCTIONDivorce has been defined as a judicial declaration dissolving a marriage in whole or in part, (Dictionary.com, 2017). Many reasons have been put forward to explain whydivorce has become a major issue in this era. One of the major problems isgender equality which I will expound more on the issue of gender equality andwill also express other possible causes of divorce. In Europe alone, divorce rate has increased from about 0.
8%in 1965 to 1.9% in 2013, (Eurostat, 2018). Some scholars haveattributed the rising rate of divorce to women empowerment. For (Stevenson & Wolfers, 2007), people usually stayin marriage if the gains arising from such union are more than the gains fromstaying unmarried.
Thus, women empowerment has reduced the benefits women usedto get from the family arising from specialization in the conjugal roles; womenare now more economically empowered and more involved in important decisionsaffecting their lives. In the United States ofAmerica, many changes in the last half century have affected marriage anddivorce rates. Some of the changes include the rise of the women’s liberationmovement, the advent of the sexual revolution, and an increase in women’s laborforce participation altered perceptions of gender roles within marriage duringthe last 50 years, (United States Department of Labour, 2013). Worldwide, most countriesnow recognize that equal rights should exist between men and women and have putacross empowerment programs including having them entrenched in the law. Thisproject sought to establish the extent to which women empowerment hascontributed to divorce rate by reviewing literature and perspectives fromdifferent countries. MALDIVESE1 TheMaldives is a collection of some 1,200 islands in the Indian Ocean and home toone surprising record.
It has the highest divorce rate in the world. Theaverage local 30-year-old has already been married and divorced three times andis ready for the fourth. Ironically, it is also a favorite destination fornewlyweds looking for romance on their honeymoon (Wijnands,2017). While the islands are a sought-after attraction for the perfectlypicturesque wedding, its locals haven’t quite mastered the art of monogamy, andso it’s earned the trophy for the highest divorce rate in the world. In fact, the UN saysthe average 30-year-old Maldivian woman has been divorced three times. That’s11 divorces per 1000 people. Every single year.
The rate is twice as high assecond placed Belarus. The United States, sitting pretty in third place, areless than half of the Maldives’ numbers with approximately four divorces perthousand.The Maldives is a Muslim country and runsunder Sharia’ah Law, so premarital sex is severely frowned upon (News.Com.Au, 2016).
Which basically meansthat divorce is easier for men because in the Maldives a man would only need togo and shout out loud in front of a witness and would get his divorce. But onthe other hand a woman would need to go to court and get her final word from ajudge in the Maldives. BELGIUM Presently, Belgium is aEuropean country that tops the list with maximum divorce rate of 71%.Thecountry is a symbol of European modernity and in spite of its rich history andwell-known architectures, Belgium couldn’t be able to grasp its martial systemstrongly. It is known that nearly 32 thousand of the Belgian people commit fordivorce every year.
Consequently, the divorce rate in the country has risensteeply up to 71% which is the uppermost of not only in Europe but even in thewhole world. Here, only about a third of marriages actually last successfully (Elena, 2017). Every year, close to 32,000 Belgians, or 2.9 people forevery 1,000 residents, sign their divorce papers. The good news is Belgiumstill has a way to go to reach the top statistical spot held by Latvia, with4.0 divorces per 1,000, and Lithuania with 3.
4. However, the 32,000 plus putsBelgium above the rest of Europe when it comes to sheer numbers (King, Belgiumhas third-highest divorce rate in EU, 2014).FRANCEEven though, France is considered to be a land of lovewith the Eiffel tower in Paris suggest to couples and love, the country has ahigh divorce rate of 55%.It is known that France has more directness in thesociety with more common adequacy and tolerance.it is the cause that majorityof couples in France are diverted divorce with their marriage life ending soon.In order to reduce this rates, the government of France has also carried outmany initiatives so that married people can live peacefully. On the other hand,rural regions of France have relatively lower rates of divorce as compared totheir urban complements, with the north side region of Brittany in Franceregistering the minimum divorce rate (Elena, 2017). To be divorced ‘bymutual consent you must have been married for at least six months.
Other typesof divorce are ‘consent to divorce but not to consequences’ divorce based onfault such as adultery, and divorce based on termination of married life. The grounds for adivorce needn’t be disclosed, provided both parties agree on the repercussionssuch as the division of property, custody of children, alimony and maintenance.A divorce is usually granted automatically by a judge, although he may order adelay of three months for reflection. A divorce becomes final one month afterjudgement or two months if it has gone to appeal. A contested divorce must bedecided by a court of law (Just Landed.com, 2017). NATIONAL PERSPECTIVENationally majority of the people think that the fightfor gender equality has progressed and the level of divorce is decreasing.
Infact many women love the fact that they are getting a voice of their own.However, it also contributes a lot to the society women shouldn’t bediscriminated they should get equal attention as the men. Providing boys andgirls equal education is very crucial in their lives. PERSONAL PERSPECTIVEPersonally I think the fight for gender equality isslowly starting to decrease. But in other countries for example Muslimcountries like Somalia whereby the men have a greater say in the society wherewomen are considered inferior of various reasons such as religion, culture, age,gender etc.
For example in my culture women (housewives) are believed to do lesswork than men. But in reality the work is shared equally or sometimes the man orthe women does more which in the end of the day benefit themselves.POSSIBLE COURSE OFACTIONThis problem can go two ways. Firstly both genders (Maleand Female) agree on terms for example equal rights, if a man and women agreeon conditions there will be some sort of understanding between the two parties.Secondly.
if both genders have a mindset that I do more for her she does less Ido all the house work there will be completely no sort of assimilation. Theywill always be disagreement between the two genders. POSSIBLE SCENARIOSScenario 1 Scenario 2 E1Note: QUESTION: Has the fight for gender equality contributed toincrease in divorce rates? This is the question you should try to answer in allthe countries. For Example, is the fight for gender inequalityresponsible for the divorce rates in Maldives? To answer this question, you should explore thefollowing: 1. The prevalence of divorce in Maldives – givestatistics (this you have given)2. The extent of women empowerment in Maldives –give statistics (This is not done)3.
Establish the extent to which women empowermentis responsible for the divorce rates in Maldives 4. Give a small evaluation of the findings inMaldives THIS SHOULDAPPLY TO ALL THE COUNTRIES INCLUDING NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES