Breastfeeding hand-express, or use a beast pump.

Breastfeeding ComplicationBreastfeeding is not supposed to hurt itis meant to be an enjoyable bonding moment with your baby, however; it isnormal to develop sore nipple in the first few days of breastfeeding. Commoncomplications of having sore nipple is improperly positioning your infant toyour beast, not having infant latch to the breast properly, and shallowlatching (sucking on nipple not entire breast).

Therefore, to avoid thesecomplications, support your breast while having your infant on its side withoutturning its head with his mouth and nose facing your nipple. This encourages theinfant to open wide to latch on a large portion of the areola not just yournipple.  Another complication is engorgement thisis when the breast feels full, heard, and heavy making it harder for baby tolatch on. This condition results from delayed or infrequent breastfeeding ofinfant.

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  To avoid this condition, you canmake sure to breastfeed your infant every 1 ½ – 2 hours, hand-express, or use abeast pump. Also, applying warm compressions or a warm shower to help facilitatemilk let-down. If there is still swelling and pain, you can use NSAIDs or coldcompression to reduce it.

Lastly another complication is mastitis whichis infection caused by bacteria entering the breast tissue. Thiscondition starts with untreated block milk ducts that causes a section ofbreast to become red, tender, and painful. This condition causes mother to feelachy having flu like symptoms which may need to be treated with antibiotics.

Breastfeeding Teaching§  Goodproper hand hygiene before handling the breast to avoid contamination  §  Toavoid cracked dry nipples apply fresh expressed breastmilk to your nipples tohelp soothe. This also may help reduce the chance of infection being human milkhas antibacterial properties.   §  Avoidusing a pacifier so it will not cause nipple confusion for your infant§  Evenif you breastfeed you still need contraceptives if you don’t want to becomepregnant §  Itis not uncommon to have lactational amenorrhea during breastfeeding for thefirst six months.§  Usegood clean supportive loose bras each day and avoid bras with underwire §  Pumpedbreastmilk could last in room temperature ideally for four hours acceptable sixhours, in a cooler with ice up to 24 hours, in a refrigerator ideally for seventy-twohours acceptable eight days. Freshy expresses breastmilk last in freezer twoweeks but in a deep freezer six – twelve months.§  Donot microwave breastmilk it causes uneven heating creating hot spots making itdangerous for infant’s mouth. The preferred mothed is running cool water ontothe frozen or refrigerated milk, or overnight defrosting in the refrigerator.

Disadvantages of BreastfeedingHaving to feed your infants more oftenwhen they are breastfed than when they are bottle-fed. Some mothers do not likethe thought of having dietary restrictions or not being able to take certainmedications because it can pass through the breastmilk. Society attitudes makesome women feel uncomfortable of the thought of feeding their infant in public sometimeeven if the public is their own family members. You cannot just go anywherebecause only you can feed your baby; unless you are pumping. Finally, somewomen choose not to breastfeed because their breast may not return to theirpre-breastfeeding size and shape. FeedingFormulaBreastfeedingis the ideal source of nutrition for infants but, when breastmilk is notavailable or  those who choose not tobreastfeed formula is the best alternative for baby first year of life. Thereare a variety of infant formulas available to meet the nutritional and dietaryneeds of your infant.

A few of the available infant formula are: milk-based, iron-fortifiedor reduced-iron, Soy-based (none animal protein/ glucosamine), Lactose-Free, hypoallergenic,and exempt infant formula for infants with specific medical conditions.


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