The United States of America was going through a time of great debates and dilemma’s. It became obvious that a better more powerful national government was necessary. The Articles of Confederation was weak and needed to be replaced. While this was occurring a major problem developed. This was between large states, which vied for legislature segmented by population, and smaller states which wanted the system to have equal portioned votes everywhere. The larger states suggested the Virginia Plan, and the small states proposed the New Jersey Plan.
At first, this issue was at a stalemate and both sides refused to give up ground. Eventually, Oliver Ellsworth offered The Great Compromise. This called for a bicameral Legislature with proportional representation in the lower house, along with equal representation in the upper house. The original founders intended to create an upper house that would federally represent each state equally and a lower house that would federally represent each state based on population. In a perfect world, this would lead to effective representation for each state.
Normally a bicameral congress issues an abundant say to both houses in deciding laws. Furthermore, the founders vied for this in efforts to smother and hinder any sort of dictatorships on U. S. soil. ” Larger states wanted representation purely by population. Smaller states did not appreciate that method, because they felt it lessened their say. They would have minimal say in national government, and fewer representatives. A compromise was eventually agreed on every state would have two representatives in the Senate and have representatives based on population (the house).
The senate and congress each gained power. The “upper house” is the senate, and it is made up of two senators from each individual state. There are obligated to be at least thirty years old, a citizen of the United States for nine years, and usually serve up to six years. The way the house is conducted is that there are representatives based on how big the state is and its population. Representatives must be at least twenty five years of age and had to be a citizen for at least seven years. The United States constitution is enforced in a sense, because this system implements checks and balances.
While there are several abilities and powers commonly associated among the House and the Senate, there have slight differences between them. An example includes the impeachment of the president. The house manages all efforts for the impeachment process and accusation ; this occurs when the senate conducts the trial. Finally, tax billing originates in the house. This differs from the Senate because they are only able to organize the upcoming appointments. The Congress of the United States is an instrumental asset and contributor to the legislative branch.
The legislature was made this way with the purpose being, they wanted to maximize citizen and states’ rights while avoiding tyranny. With arguments and debate over representation, the Great Compromise finally made sense of things. Any plans before that, was not even and not every state would benefit. The bicameral system was installed for many reasons and this system fits into the principles of American society. It was an upper house that gave equality among the states, and a lower house which did not leave out smaller states. This was the base of the Senate and House of Representatives.