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Awareness about anorexia and dietary habit among adolescents.Type of manuscript: surveyRunning title: Awareness about anorexia and dietary habit among adolescents Revathi.BUndergraduate student Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University Chennai IndiaCorresponding author Mrs.
Gayathri.RDepartment of Biochemistry Saveetha Dental College Saveetha university Chennai IndiaEmail: [email protected] number : 9176789720Author name : Revathi.B Guide name : Mrs.Gayathri.RYear of study : l – BDS : 2017-2018ABSTRACT:The aim of this study is to create awareness about anorexia among adolescents who are experiencing eating disorder and it’s prevalence in our society.Background and reason: Since many teenagers are affected with eating disorder and having unnecessary fear of gaining weight, extreme and needless weight loss, illogical fear of weight gain, and distorted perception of self-image and body.
This leads to the many complications in future.Hence awareness about this is very important.Keywords : anorexia-adolescents-eating disorder-complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS:It is the questionnaire based online survey by using the link surveyPlanet.This survey was taken by 100 participants.
All the participants were adolescents who are under the age group of 12-19.INTRODUCTION :Anorexia Nervosa is a psychological and possibly life-threatening eating disorder defined by an extremely low body weight relative to stature (this is called BMI Body Mass Index and is a function of an individual’s height and weight), extreme and needless weight loss, illogical fear of weight gain, and distorted perception of self-image and body.Additionally, women and men who suffer from anorexia nervosa exemplify a fixation with a thin figure and abnormal eating patterns. Anorexia nervosa is interchangeable with the term anorexia, which refers to self-starvation and lack of appetite.Though the restrictive eating patterns that characterise anorexia nervosa are similar to dieting behaviours , there are stark differences between the two.
The effects of the extreme behaviours resulting from anorexia nervosa are far more devastating and consequential than dieting.While someone may diet in an attempt to control weight, anorexia nervosa is often an attempt to gain control over one’s life and emotions, especially in the light of traumatic events or a chaotic environment.While someone might diet in an attempt to lose weight as the primary goal, in anorexia they may diet because they perceive losing weight as a way to achieve happiness and self-mastery.Anorexia Nervosa is characterised by persistent energy intake restriction, intense fear of gaining weight and disturbance in self perceived weight or shape.
For some people, restricting their food and weight can be a way of controlling areas of life that feel out of their control and their body image can come to define their entire sense of self worth. It can also be a way of expressing emotions that may feel too complex or frightening such as pain, stress or anxiety.The reasons behind the development of AN will differ from person to person. Known causes include genetic predisposition and a combination of environmental, social and cultural factors. Restrictive dieting and excessive exercise can be contributing factors to the onset of AN. Women and girls with AN may use dieting behaviour in a bid to achieve a culturally constructed thin ideal whereas men may over exercise and control their diet to achieve a muscular body.
And the aim of the this study is to create awareness about anorexia and its serious impairments among adolescents.DISCUSSION:The current study says that 60% of the anorexia sufferers are getting full recovery.And Without treatment 20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from eating disorder related health complications, including suicide and heart problems.In US about 1 in 5 people commit suicide due to anorexia. Many studies confirm that Females are more affected than males.
From the survey it’s been analysed that most of the participants (75%)are unaware of anorexia. It’s a complicated disease . Though it is suffered mostly by teenagers , it is usually begins as innocent dieting behaviour, but gradually progresses to extreme and unhealthy weight loss.Participants who are under the age group of 17 are mostly suspected to suffer from anorexia.Social attitudes toward body appearance ,family influences,genetics,and neurochemical and developmental factors are considered possible contributors to the cause of anorexia. Adolescents who develop anorexia are more likely to come from families with the history of weight problems, physical illness and other mental health problems.Females are predominantly affected than males. Initially identified in upper- and middle-class families but now it’s been found in all socioeconomic groups and a variety of racial groups.
Out of 100 participants ,52% of them were not satisfied with their eating patterns. Many are not following their daily diet and in the name of balanced diet they are forgetting tointake nutritious food. From this survey about 55.2% of participants reduced their diet even after feeling tired.It shows that they are unconscious about their health and have an illogical illusion of their physical appearance.
About 64.6% of adolescents are not following balanced diet.S.NoQUESTIONSRESPONSE Percentage 1Are you aware of anorexia?Yes No 25752What is your age ?12-1415-17>17026753Do you worry you have lost control over how much you eat?YesNo35664Would you say food dominates your life?Yes No40615Are you satisfied with your eating patterns?Yes No48526Does your weight affect the way you feel about yourself?Yes No48537Do you think you are fat?Yes No 45558Have you ever starved or purged?Yes No37649In today’s society do you think there is more pressure on teenagers to be thin/model look like?Yes No 841610Will you make excuses (eg.
‘I already ate’) so that you will not have to eat with family or friends?Yes No 386311Do you think it is possible for teenagers to overcome anorexia?Yes No 821612Do you go through long periods of time without eating or eating very little as means of weight control?Yes No435513Do you exercise excessively to try to lose weight and you become anxious if you miss a workout?Yes No306814Do you feel tired when you eat less?Yes No485315Do you follow balanced diet?Yes No3564RESULT:It was found from the survey that adolescents were into the trap of anorexia due to an illusion created by models . Moreover 83.7% of participants are believing that adolescents can overcome anorexia by creating proper awareness on the importance of health .CONCLUSION:In today’s society many teenagers/ adolescents are pressurised of having good lookingappearance.Hence these young minds are diverted easily towards this trap of eating disorder without knowing their severe impairments. It’s necessary to spread awareness to sustain a healthy future generation.Reference:anorexia- OA publishing LondonEating disorder statistics and information ; mirror-mirror.
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