Are age and sex of the individual.

Are you livingwith hypertension?Hypertension can be defined as the rise of blood pressureabove the upper limit of the normal level according to the age and sex of theindividual. Normal limit of Blood Pressure is 70 – 120 mm Hg. During measuringblood pressure, there will be two different numbers. The top number of thereading is called systolic blood pressure and the bottom number is calleddiastolic blood pressure. Therefore, if the systolic blood pressure within 120mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure within 70 mm Hg, then it will be consideredas normal blood pressure.Classification ofHypertension: Range Classification Diastolic pressure below 85 mm Hg This range is considered as normal.

It represents that the blood pressure is well controlled and should be maintained. Diastolic Pressure within 85 to 89 mm HG This range represents that blood pressure is Highly Normal. Individuals should pay attention to reduce the blood pressure below 85 mm Hg.   Diastolic Pressure within 90 to 104 mm Hg This range represents Mild Hypertension. A person with blood pressure within this range should start walking and should change the food habit.

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Clinical studies suggest that mild diastolic Hypertension can be prevented just by walking 30 minutes a day and by changing food habit. Diastolic Pressure within 105 to 114 mm Hg This range represents Moderate Hypertension and requires immediate medical attention. Diastolic Pressure above 115 mm Hg This range represents Severe Hypertension and requires immediate medical attention. Systolic Pressure below 130 mm Hg This range represents Normal blood pressure and should be maintained. Systolic pressure within 130 to 159 mm Hg This range is considered as border line systolic hypertension and requires immediate medical attention. Systolic pressure above 160 mm Hg This range represents isolated systolic hypertension and requires immediate medical attention.   Causes ofHypertension:Major causes of Hypertension are given below:1.

      Hereditary: If your parents had hypertensionthen it is probable that you are going to face hypertension in your life span.So family with previous hypertension history should adopt healthy life style.2.      Anxiety: Anxiety is one of the major causes forearly aged hypertension.

People suffering with anxiety are more prone to behypertensives compared to those who are normal. With the flared-upcivilization, prevalence of anxiety is increasing alarmingly.3.      Age: With age the risk of getting hypertensiveincreases. It has been found that people above 35 years of age are more susceptibleto hypertension. 4.      Obesity: Obesity is another hypertensiontriggering factor.

In obese population, hypertension is quite frequentlyobserved.  5.      Smoking: Smoking causes hypertension. Smokersbecome hypertensive quickly compared to normal individual.

It has been foundthat immediately after smoking, the blood pressure of a person go above normalrange. After 20 minutes of the smoking, blood pressure resumes to the normalstate.6.

      Alcohol Consumption: Consumption of excessalcohol causes hypertension.7.      Intake of excess salt: Intake of excess saltalso increases the risk of hypertension.

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