Anatomical and hip. The body is also

Anatomical physiology.Plans Of Motion”Describe the characteristics of each individual plane of motion and list three (3) exercises that can be performed in each of the planes. You must discuss the sagittal plane, frontal plane and transverse / horizontal plane.”The planes of motion talk about the flat surfaces of the anatomy, or anatomical planes. These planes create an imaginary picture of lines through the body to help us understand how our body moves in relation to physical activity.Sagittal (Medial) plane.The sagittal plane can also be known as the Medial plane. The sagittal (medial) plane is a vertical plane that runs directly through the centre line of the body or more correctly through the “longitudinal axis” of the human anatomy.

 This plane separates the body from left to right, this is to give the audience/viewer an idea of flexion and extension at specific joints. One way for you to understand how this plane functions, is to imagine yourself standing in a long narrow hallway that restricts you from raising your limbs out in a T shape. All you are capable of doing is flexion and extension of certain joints.

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For example, the elbow, knee, shoulders and hip. The body is also capable of doing plantarflexion, and dorsiflexion of the ankle.  There are more examples of this:One example is; Imagine yourself standing in the anatomical position holding dumbbells and preparing to contract the bicep in a bicep curl movement. Shorten the angle between the wrist and the shoulder, shortening the bicep muscle and the triceps. (please refer to the diagram below).  As you can see above in the diagram. It shows the gentleman stands in the anatomical position, shortening the length and angle between the wrist and the shoulders.

This contracts the bicep and relaxes the triceps which is a sagittal/medial plane of motion. Example Two is: Flexion at the knee joint, contracting the hamstrings. Imagine yourself standing in the anatomical position and your feet are planted firmly on the ground. Shortening the angle between the ankle and the knee. This is shortening the hamstring and relaxing the quadriceps. This is another movement used to describe the sagittal plane and what movements it restricts and allows. (Refer to diagram below).  As you can clearly see in the diagram above it shows the audience the movement of contraction within the knee joint.

Shortening the angle between the hip and the ankle. You can see the hamstring muscle is shortening or otherwise known as contracting and the relaxing or stretching muscle shown is the quadriceps.The third example of this is the contraction of the hip, this is when you are standing in the anatomical position.

you lift your leg up as to step up onto a step or staircase. Contracting the hamstring and the hip. Imagine yourself standing on a narrow staircase, you cannot move your arms side to side, but you can move them forward and back. You will see the only movements you can make are forward and back or up and down. You can also picture yourself standing up right in the anatomical position and you step forward into the lunge position, this is also a variation of walking upstairs. You are lengthening the distance between each foot and bending the knee at a 90-degree angle.

This is another example that will explain how the sagittal plane works and what movements it allows. (see the diagram below for an example).    The diagram above shows the sagittal plane in motion. Only being able to step forward or back, and extend up and down.Frontal (Coronal) Plane. The frontal, or otherwise known as the Coronal plane is also a vertical plane that separates the anatomical surfaces of the human anatomy.

This plane is used to best describe how one’s anatomy moves in a vertical way, from side to side, rather than front to back as seen in the sagittal/medial plane. Best to think about this as you are in a crowd of people and you are trying to move yourself through, but it is too congested. So, the only option you have is to shuffle or shift your body sideways through the crowd to reach the opening. you cannot move your arms vertically in front of you but what you can do is move your arms vertically sideways. There are multiple examples of this plane of motion. Example one: When you relate your body to the frontal plane there are certain movements this plane allows for.

 Example: stand in the anatomical position. All you can do is abduct your arms from the centre of your body, shortening the angle between your shoulder and your skull. Causing your deltoids to contract. Transverse (horizontal): 


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