Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary Aims of Soviet in Eastern Europe from1945 to 1975 Essay

Aims of Soviet in Eastern Europe from1945 to 1975 Essay

Aims of Soviet in Eastern Europe 2

Aims of Soviet in Eastern Europe from 1945 to 1975

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the original Communist dictatorship, the West’s principal adversary in the post-1945 hostility of the Cold War ( Encarta Encyclopedia) and a dominant force in international affairs until its collapse in 1991. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was commonly known as the Soviet Union (Sovetsky Soyuz). Occupying most of the far-flung lands of the former Russian Empire in Eastern Europe and Asia, it had its capital in Moscow, the ancestral seat of the Russian emperors, or tsars. Its title alluded to the soviets, or workers’ councils, of the Russian Revolution of 1917 (Pioch, 2006) that catapulted Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks (later renamed Communists) to power. The first state the Bolsheviks established bore the name Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (RSFSR). It was the largest of the many political entities of the former Russian Empire that proliferated during the Russian Civil War (1918-1921). (Wikipedia Encyclopedia)

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This essay explores the aim of Soviet to control the Eastern Europe by applying different propaganda and technique to advance their powers. Their black Propaganda by helping them and giving them hope for better happiness and releasing the slave to return to their countries. Providing peace and practice democracy.

Aims of Soviet in Eastern Europe

To disarm the country and prevent remilitarization; to outlaw the National Socialist (Nazi) Party that had been led by Adolf Hitler; to decentralize the economy and reorganized it with emphasis on agriculture; and to encourage democratic practices. That Germany would not again a threat to world peace. The Soviet wanted to establish a United Nation. Communist Party strongly resisted moves to focus political attention on what would happen after the war. Winning the war was more important than anything else.

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Instead of making a treaty immediately with defeated and disorganized Germany, the victor nations temporarily designated four occupation zones. The eastern zone was assigned to the USSR. Berlin, surrounded by the Soviet zone, was divided into four sectors; its eastern zone was also assigned to the USSR. All were to be administered as parts of one country, with free trade among them. German territory east of a line formed by the Odra (Oder) and Neisse Rivers was consigned to Polish occupancy pending a final peace settlement. The Northern part of East Russia was awarded to the USSR. The Soviets exacted huge reparations in the form of machinery and raw materials from the Soviet-occupied areas of Eastern Europe. During the postwar reconstruction of the Soviet economy, which had been devastated in the war, Germany and former Nazi satellites such as Finland also made reparations to the Soviet Union.

Included in the aims of Soviet to implement the institution of people’s democracies, they control domestically and isolate political faction   and then destroyed, large land holdings were expropriated, and (with the exception of Poland) farms were collectivized; virtually all industry was nationalized.

It was 1960 that Khrushchev accused Stalin in replacing the legitimate Soviet leadership with a “personality cult” to his own glory, with catastrophic consequences for the party and the country. Among other things, Khrushchev charged that Stalin was guilty of “mass arrests and deportations” and of “the execution without trial and without normal investigation” of Communists and others. This accusation of Khrushchev will lead to another policy “de-Stalinization” which portraits of the late dictator were removed from public places, institutions and localities bearing his name were renamed, and textbooks were rewritten to deflate his reputation. But it is the de-Stalinization that made Khrushchev lost loyalty of his leaders that made replace him with a new leader Brezhnev. (Encarta Encyclopedia, 2006)

Aims of Soviet in Eastern Europe 4

Aims of Soviet in Eastern Europe 4

Generally, the aims Soviet from 1945 to 1975 was to their advancement and making more allies. To controlling the neighboring countries will be their main aim and gaining more powers. Communist Party strongly resisted moves to focus political attention on what would happen after the war. Winning the war was more important than anything else.

Another technique of Soviet Union quickly consolidated her control of Eastern Europe. The Red Army began by influencing the post-war elections. They intimidated the voters and changed the voting lists as they desired. Soviet Union is not satisfied they established the Communist Information Bureau (the Cominform). The Bureau was not only to spread communist propaganda to all European countries but also to co-ordinate the activities of the member communist parties in their struggle against ‘Anglo-American imperialism’. (Wikipedia Encyclopedia) It also supported the strikes of the workers in France and Italy. Consequently the western nations had increasing fear of Communist conquest of the world.

In addition, they wanted to block the Germany in expanding their industries to strengthen their economic status. (McCormick, p. xii.) The aim in controlling Eastern Europe made the Soviet more aggressive that they immediately ordered her satellites in Eastern Europe to stop their trade with Yugoslavia. The Soviet Union also tried to create conflicts among the Yugoslav Communist Party leaders. When all these failed, Stalin expelled Yugoslavia from the Cominform in June 1948 (Corner of the World, 1960). The conflict between Yugoslavia and Russia led to a great fear among the western nations that in the near future, Russia would use force to unseat’ the government of Yugoslavia and if that was successful.

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Finally, the aim of Soviet to control the Eastern Europe resulted in losing millions of peoples in attacking weapons and starving civilians. They used people to kill people just to have the powers.  The peace and happiness that they offer was not achieved. The Democracy they announced for propaganda was not observed. Instead self interest and hunger of power was showed. Prevent the demilitarization was greatly seen that sacrifices the lives of the slaves instead of releasing the slaved they force them to joint military. Giving hope to give people heaven and Earth is existed even before the beginning of the War but it until now it is still existed even in the Liberal and Democratic country.

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References

Cienciala, Anna M. (2003) The Coming of the War in Eastern Europe. November 17, 2006, from http://web.ku.edu/~eceurope/hist557/lect16.htm

Cold War. (1945-1960). The Corner of the World. November 17, 2006, from http://www.thecorner.org/hist/europe/coldwar.htm

McCormick, John, Understanding the European Union: A Concise Introduction,

New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999, p. xii.

Pioch, Nicolas (2006) Renaissance. November 16, 2006, from http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/glo/renaissance/

Potsdam Conference (2006). Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia.
http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2006 Microsoft Corporation

Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. Encarta. November 17, 2006, from http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761553017/Union_of_Soviet_Socialist_Republics.html