Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary Advances Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November

Advances Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November

Advances in globalization such as speedy communication, transfer
of finances and international travel have provided an advance in organized
crime, particularly of transnational type. UNODC has paid important attention
to the transnational organized crime and other aspects that are harbored under
it since, these are a menace to global prosperity. The United Nations
Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by General Assembly
resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, is the main international instrument in
the fight against transnational organized crime. It opened for signature by
Member States a t a High-level Political Conference convened for that purpose
in Palermo, Italy, on 12-15 December 2000 and entered into force on 29
September 2003. Furthermore, Pursuant
to article 32 of the United Nations
Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, a Conference of the Parties to the
Convention was established to improve the capacity of States Parties to combat
transnational organized crime and to promote and review the implementation of
this Convention.

In 2007, Brazil’s
government introduced a plan to reduce crime and violence in the favelas, the
slum neighborhoods of Rio and other major cities. Military collaboration with the government started to clean
sweep the areas that were under the rule of malicious drug traffickers and
crime masters. Additionally, with the city due host to both the 2014 World Cup
and 2016 Olympic Games, all eyes were on Brazil and how they will assure the
security of these two vital international events.

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UNODC World Drug Report 2010 unveiled seizures in
South America to be 59 per cent of the global total in 2008 as compared to 45
per cent in 2007.

The World Bank report in 2013 Making Brazilians
safer says that the situation regarding crime and violence appears to be
improving in the rest of the country, but warns that there are significant
differences between states.

 In Paraiba state, officials
investigated a criminal gang that subjected more than 50 male teenagers to
trafficking in Latin America and Italy for sexual exploitation. Investigations
are ongoing since 2013, and authorities arrested and charged 12 Italians and
Brazilians in criminal court in 2015.

In its continuous efforts to combat
crime at every stage, the Brazilian government hosted the Twelfth United Nation
Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in Salvador from 12-17 April

With the alarming usage of crack and cocaine that is
of 18 per cent of total global usage as dictated by UNODC in 2010, Brazil
stands next only to U.S that consumes 20 per cent of the total yield across the

The sole purpose of highlighting the above mentioned issues that have
affected the South American territory of Brazilian land is to come together with
the respected members of United Nations Organization towards possible solutions
that the country cannot come up with, alone.