Abstract: the connectors and designed a new
Abstract: The connector is something which has remainedunchanged for decades, unlike almost every other aspect of mobile and other computer hardwaredesign. The designers of the product often strugglewith the metal connectors which are very delicate to meet the present-dayrequirements like sleek structure and better appearance.
Also, the EMI, ASD andRFI design issues have gotten worse due to additional requirements like highcommunication speeds. Even though, these problems were resolved some extent bythe advent of the wireless communications but new problems were added such ascost, antenna design complexity, major power consumption and customer frustrationwith slow wireless networks and managing passwords and pairing issues. WithKISS CONNECTIVITY, a solid- state connectivity solution, Keyssa has reinventedthe connectors and designed a new contactless connectivity to solve theproblems faced due to both wired and wireless communication for the purpose ofdata transfer between devices done through various connection techniques. thispaper deals with dramatic improvement that KISS CONNECTIVITY offers over wiredand wireless communication networks and how it enables the OEM’S to easilydifferentiate their product offerings. INDEX TERMS: NFC TECHNOLOGY, USB 3.0,________________________________________________________________________________________________________ I.INTRODUCTIONThere are numerous advancements in datatransfer technology, but the Keyssa, California based startup company has takenit to a way ahead, it invented a new way to connect devices and transfer dataof about 6GB within few seconds with single touch from one smartphone to the othermore efficiently and the name given to this technology is KISS CONNECTIVITY.Keyssa aimed to create fastest channel for the data transfer among the deviceswithout any need of port, cables or any other kind of dependency that will slowthe process of transfer of the data.
II. METHODOLOGYThe kiss connectivity is a new and advancedtechnology, it works the same as NFC technology but is a way more efficient than NFC. Suppose, weneed to transfer the data from one smartphone to another and both the deviceshave a predesigned KISS CONNECTIVITYchip inbuilt in them, then we have to just touch the devices so that a contactis made between the chips to transfer data with a very high speed. The chips,embedded in both the devices, create a magnetic channel to transfer data instantly.This technology has the potential to replace all the conventional ways ofconnecting devices like Bluetooth whichis used to transfer the data . At present the devices have to be connectedwith the help of ports , cables or the internet to transfer the content but theKISS CONNECTIVITY will reduce the burden from devices by eliminating the need ofports once and for all by simple touch made by the devices. The speed is also improvedgreatly by providing 6GB per second which is something that everyone wantstoday. The smartphone ordevice manufacturer only need to embed a single chip in their devices and theirdevices not become slimmer but also have the fastest mode of transferring thedata.
The Kiss Connectivity technology is not so popular yet and most of thepeople are unaware of this fastest mode of data transfer. The only device whichis currently using this technology is Acer Aspire Switch 12 S tablet. Apartfrom this, there is also news that upcoming smartphones may have the kissconnectivity inbuilt in them to transfer the data. Fig.1.KEY FEATURES:Current Situation:Over the past few decades almostevery component of mobile and the computingdevices has seen many major innovations.
Mechanical connectors have not. As thereis decrease in size of the devices and data rates increase, the product designscontinue to suffer from inherent limitations posed by mechanical connectors:• The Reliability due to fragility ofmechanical connectors.• EMI/RFI emitted from the metal inside a connector as well as a cable,especially at higher data rates •The Unsightly holes resulting from theneed for a receptacle.Wireless communications haveeliminated many issues which are related to connector design, but added new oneissues like cost, complexity in antenna design, major power consumption andcustomer frustration with slow, shared wireless networks , pairing issues and managingpasswords.
Solution:Keyssa has reinvented the connectorto meet the changing needs of both manufacturers and the consumer. Consumersbemoan the clutter of cables and the adapters required to connect devices andyearn for sleek, elegant devices which can withstand dirt, water and everydaywear and tear. Manufacturers are looking for different ways to minimize the size of devicesyet provide performance which the customers expect. Kiss Connectors are a newapproach to connectors, based on solid-state technology and operating in thesuper-fast 60Ghz spectrum. They sit under the surface of a device skin, immuneto wear and tear, invisible and the need for cable is eliminated.
Simply “kiss” two devicesby touching the devices, and data will be transferred at up to 6Gbps.Kiss Connector Features:• Superior Speeds: Data can be transferredat up to 6Gbps – that is a 1GB movie in a very less time of two seconds.• Protocol-agnostic: Supports standard protocols like USB 3.0, DisplayPortHBR2, and SATA II with no programming overhead or software drivers required.• Power-friendly: Power consumption with Kiss Connectors is orders of magnitudelower than wireless solutions and it co-exists with wireless power standards.• Secure: Kiss Connectors are a point-to-point connection – the data travelssecurely from one device to another.• Simple: User experience is native to real-life experience of just a kiss –place two devices in the nearest proximity close to one another. They willconnect and disconnect automatically.
. KISS CONNECTIVITY WHITE PAPERVS. WIRED COMMUNICATIONS Innovative DesignPossibilities The typicalmechanical connector needed to move the data from one device to another takesup significant space inside mobile and computing devices. They also need to beplaced at the outer edge of any device, in order to create a port or contactsurface.
What sets Kiss Connectivity apart is the design innovation it enablesby allowing product designers to embed a Keyssa connector inside their product,on any surface, and not just along the outer edges. By eliminating unsightlyholes in otherwise beautiful products, Kiss Connectivity ushers in a new age inproduct innovation. Size Almost everypart and component of mobile and computing devices has seen major innovationover the past decades, except for the metal connector. Many of today’sconnector types are too large for modern mobile and computing devices, such assmartphones.
With the increasing data usage, it becomes a challenge to makemechanical connectors in an acceptable form factor and still maintain thesignal integrity. Kiss Connectivity reinvents the connector by creating a tinysolid-state coffee bean-sized connector which can be embedded anywhere alongthe surface of the device. Kiss Connectivity is no longer visible as theconnection is made by an Extremely High Frequency (EHF) signal over a veryshort distance. Mechanical Reliability KissConnectivity is a solid-state solution which eliminates the metal contactswhich are prone to wear-and-tear from repeated consumers’ physical connectingand disconnecting traditional connectors. Kiss Connectivity does not requirephysical interconnection to transfer data, which results in near-zero wear,near-zero potential for corrosion, and near-zero sensitivity to vibration.Unlike a metal connector with precise pin to pin alignment, Kiss Connectivity need not be perfectly aligned, or insertedcarefully in order to make a connection.Radio Frequency Interference In an attemptto meet the ever-increasing market demand to move more data more quickly, somesmartphone manufacturers have incorporated USB 3.
0 in their products. However,this protocol is often disabled due to the potential interference between USB3.0 and the 802.11 Wi-Fi standard. The USB 3.0 connector radiates within the802.11 frequency band.
By replacing the metal USB connector with a contactlessinterface, Kiss Connectivity removes this potential interference while enablingfull USB 3.0 protocol speeds to be achieved. ESD Considerations Due to thecontactless nature of the Kiss Connectivity, connection has inherently highisolation properties and potential electrostatic discharge (ESD) issues aremitigated due to the elimination of exposed pins in metal connectors.
Inaddition, Kiss Connectivity can be electrically isolated in plastic or othernon-conductive materials to further mitigate ESD. Cost Efficient Metalconnectors inherently have the extra fabrication and manufacturing costs. Forexample, physical limitations of placing connectors along the outer edges of adevice requires machining chassis with tight tolerance for connector cutouts. KISS CONNECTIVITY WHITE PAPERVS. WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONSWireless communications have many shortcomings, itincludes limited data security, low data rates, unreliable connections, sharedbandwidth amongst the users, difficultsetup, high power and potential high cost of transferring data over a wirelessnetwork. Kiss Connectivity addresses each of these shortcomings, by enabling asimple, private, secure, and a high -performance data connection between twodevices. With Kiss Connectivity, users can bypass the cellular networks forhighspeed, localized data transfers that can be up to 95% faster than thewireless networks.
Secure Point-to-Point Data Connection Typicalwireless networks provide public, multi-point connections that are notnecessarily the most secure. Kiss Connectivity provides a private point-to-pointconnection. Because of the low radiated power and limited range of transmission, the links are nearly impossibleto tap. This ensures secure and reliable high-speed data transfers between apair of devices in close proximity. Ease of Use KissConnectivity allows users to transfer data much more quickly and easily than thewireless networks. This does not require any setup in order to perform the datatransfer.
Simply place two devices together, and initiate the transfer ofselected data. Kiss Connectivity, using the USB 3.0 protocol, can transfer a 1GByte movie in 2 seconds. Power Reduction KissConnectivity facilitates high-speed data transfers between the devices. Since overalldata transmission time is reduced dramaticallyversus existing technologies, which reduces battery consumption. KissConnectivity data transfers can occur nearly instantaneously while using aminimal amount of energy.
Cost of Data Transfer When traveling,international cellular data plans can be extremely expensive. Data plans indeveloping countries are not affordable for a lot of people. With KissConnectivity, users can use local data transfers between devices and avoidexpensive costs related to cellular data transfers Mobile Device to MobileDevice In the last few years, mobile devices have becomemobile computing centers, helping us to manage everything in our daily livessuch as business and personal communications, entertainment, banking andappointments. Kiss Connectivity allows for the quick and easy transfer ofinformation between mobile devices, including movies, photos, music, salespresentations, and more. The Kiss Connectivity solution has significantbenefits for personal storage and data movement between devices such assmartphones, tablets, laptops. The increasing bandwidth requirements of thetypical user have rendered existing data transfer mechanisms inadequate, andthere is a need to be able to transfer data quickly and easily. For example,video, audio, or other data can be transmitted between two cellular phones bysimply holding the phones back-to-back against one another (as illustratedbelow).
With Kiss Connectivity using USB 3.0 even an entire movie can betransmitted in just a few seconds. This method allows almost instantaneoustransfer of data with little battery usage.
Fig.2 Mobile to Mobile with KissConnectivity Mobile Device to DockingStation and Peripherals A mobile devicewith Kiss Connectivity can connect to a docking station enabled with Kiss Connectivity.That docking station can connect the mobile device to a wide range of legacyperipherals like monitors, storage devices, keyboard and mouse via datatransfer protocols such as USB, DisplayPort, and Ethernet.
Transfers are madebetween the mobile device and the docking station, and then routed to theappropriate peripheral. Currently the most common way to connect a tabletcomputer to a keyboard is through a metal connector or wireless connection.Both of these transfer methods have limitations, namely form factor and datarate.
Kiss Connectivity allows data to be transferred between these deviceswithout the need for any type of metal or wireless connection. The datatransfer can be accomplished by simply placing the devices in close proximityto one another. Tablet to Keyboard with Kiss Connectivity Mobile Device to 4K Display Mobile and computing devices are getting lighter andthinner, and at the same time displays are becoming increasingly larger andwith higher resolution. The best of both worlds is a mobile device which canquickly and automatically connect to larger 4K displays. Kiss Connectivity letsOEMs seamlessly and instantaneously connect their mobile devices to the newesthigh resolution 4K displays. The consumer experience is both simple andbeautiful without unsightly metal connectors and the repetitive plugging /unplugging that leads to breakage. Kiss Connectivity enables new userexperiences that are not only trouble-free but also have a modern clean look.
Fig.3Mobile Device to 4K Display with Kiss Connectivity. ConsistentlyHigh-Speed Data RatesTypical wireless networks provideconnections with inconsistent data transmission rates. The rate at which datais transferred across current Wi-Fi or WiGig networks is proportional to thenumber of users on the network and the environmental conditions of the network.The more users connected, the slower the network. Kiss Connectivity provides aprivate point-to-point data transmission of up to 6 Gbit/s depending on thedata transmission protocol implemented.
This provides consistent high-speeddata transfersbetween a pair of mated devices, regardlessof the number of other devices present in a given area(such as airports, shopping malls). This is illustrated in Table 1. Consistent Upload andDownload Data Rates In the current transfer protocols listed in Table 2,there is often a dramatic difference between upload and download rates. Forexample, the effective transmission rate on Wi-Fi network for uploading data is20 Mbit/s, and for downloading is 40 Mbit/s. With LTE cellular networks, theupload rate is approximately 5 Mbit/s, and 20 Mbit/s for downloading. KissConnectivity’s point-to-point data transmission rates are symmetric in eitherdirection CONCLUSION Year over year,we have witnessed an increase in the number and variety of personal andprofessional mobile and computing devices on the market.
Additionally, thedifferences between devices have become blurred, with laptops transforming intotablets and tablets transforming into laptops. Tablets become phones andsmartphones become computers. Smartphones become cameras etc. We carry thesedevices everywhere, and in fact, they have become an extension of ourselves. Westuff them with content, from personal and professional data and media. Thatcontent gets scattered in the cloud, trapped in our devices, and out of syncamong our devices.
The need to easily connect and transfer data between thesedevices has greatly increased over time, as has user requirements for fasterand more secure data transfers. With Kiss Connectivity, product designers andcustomers are now freed from the frustrations of wired and wirelesscommunications. Kiss Connectivity is an elegant, power-efficient solution thatcan meet the people’s desire for faster and more secure ways to transfer dataand video.