9.1.3 gaining short-range and long-range radar sensors

9.1.3 ZF Friedrichshafen ZF Friedrichshafenis a German car parts maker company founded in 1915.

In 2016 with totalemployee count of 136,820 people across the world it made sales revenue of35,166 million euros.  The productportfolio of the company is diversified into 7 groups.  1)   Carpowertrain technology with the manufacturing of automatic and manualtransmission, drive axles, powertrain modules.

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This is the group that will beimpacted by the transformation into electric vehicles.  2)   Carchassis technology involving the manufacturing of chassis systems andcomponents and suspension technology. 3)   Commercialvehicle technology with the manufacturing of drive train, axles, transmission,chassis technology and modules, steering systems. 4)   Industrialtechnology to provide off-highway systems, industrial drives, marine drivelinetechnology, aviation technology and wind power technology.  5)   E-Mobilitywith the manufacturing of electronic systems, electric traction drive, systemhouse. This division brings the expertise of ZF in electro mobility in onegroup. 6)    Active and passive safety technology with themanufacturing of braking systems, steering systems, occupant safety systems,electronics and body control systems.  7)   Aftermarket services of its products.

 ZFFriedrichshafen with primary business in transmission technology is wellprepared and equipped to make the change from traditional to electro mobilitywith the strong support from its E-mobility division in terms of research anddevelopment for the transmission systems of electric cars. The company has setits foundation for the development of future technology based on “Vision Zero”.The vision signifies zero emission and zero accidents. This translates intotransforming the automotive industry into complete electric mobility withdriverless car technology.

ZF long-term focus is to develop and achieve itsexpertise in electric motors through new product ideas and collaborativepartnerships with upcoming firms. 77 ZF similar toBosch and continental is also adapting the digitalization trend to expand itsbusiness models inline with the future. New digital business models includedeveloping new block chain technology based “Car ewallet” that enablesautomatic payment of parking and highway tolls. Along with development of otherdigital products such as “X2safe” that warns the users of a potential collisionto improve the safety. Applications for fleet such as “Dashboard” to helpmanage the fleet more efficiently. ZF also acquired stakes in Astyx for gainingshort-range and long-range radar sensors into its portfolio. From the chassisside, ZF is developing Intelligent Rolling Chassis a ready-to-go platform thatcan be utilized by all players in the electro-mobility market to adapt intocompact cars or sedans.

7577 The ZF groupfounded new venture “Zukunft venture GmbH” in 2016 with aim to invest instart-up companies that provide the potential to contribute to the futuretechnologies of ZF. 76 9.1.

4 Mahle  Mahle is anautomotive part supplier founded in 1920 based in Stuttgart, Germany. It is oneof the world’s 20 largest suppliers and development partner for the automotiveindustry. They are the primary suppliers for internal combustion engine and itssupporting parts. In 2016 the company has sales revenue of 12.3 billion eurosworld wide, with about 77,000 employees. The company operates in 4 businessunits  1)   Enginesystems and components2)   Filtrationand Engine peripherals3)   Thermalmanagement 4)   Aftermarket For passengercars, The Company manufactures a majority of parts that can be classified into8 major categories.

The first is the cooling system, with in which the companymanufactures radiators, coolant pumps, charge air cooling component, coolingmodules, oil heating and cooling systems, exhaust gas recirculation coolers,battery cooling components and thermostats and control valves.  The second category is the valve train wherethe company manufactures camshafts, cam followers and rocker arm assemblies andvalves. The third is the piston system, which is the key expertise of the company;it produces pistons and its corresponding assemblies for both petrol and dieselengines.

The fourth is the cylinder components containing parts surrounding thepiston and the crankshaft; it includes piston pins, piston rings, bearings, cylinderliners and the connecting rod. The fifth is the oil management systemcontaining the oil filter modules, oil pumps and the oil heating and coolingsystems. The sixth is the air management category that contains componentshandling the inlet and exhaust gases. The company manufactures Air intakemanagement module, exhaust gas recirculation systems and turbochargers.

Theseventh is the air conditioning system i.e. Heating, ventilation, and airconditioning modules includes evaporators, heat cores, compressors, blowers,cabin air filters, condensers, vents and climate control. The last category isthe fuel management system that includes fuel filters, water separationsystems, activated carbon canisters and electrical heater for fuel systems. 78 With the abilityto manufacture an array of parts for the internal combustion engine, Mahle is oneof the critical suppliers to be hugely impacted by the change from traditionalto electro mobility. To tackle the sustainability issues a parallel approach strategyof continuing to develop the combustion engine as well as developing solutionsfor e-mobility is adopted. While continuously improvising for the lowering ofCO2 emissions expecting to achieve further 10% reduction inline with WorldwideHarmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Cycle.

The combustion engine innovationlies in reducing frictional loss, extremely resilient and also weight-optimizedengine components and maximizing efficiency. 78

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