Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary 4. tell them to continue. Even though

4. tell them to continue. Even though

4. Milgram showed that many
people obey an authority figure. Within Milgram’s research, the participant who
is a teacher read pairs of words to a learner who was seated in a room while
being connected to a shock generator. The teacher could hear the learner but
wasn’t able to see them. If the learner got an incorrect word pair, the teacher
would be told to shock the learner by using a switch that was located on the
shock generator. The shock generator would increase if there was a steady
increase of incorrect word pairs. Usually, the learner would scream and want to
be released. On the other hand, if the teacher wanted the experiment to stop,
the experimenter that is in the same room as them would tell them to continue.
Even though there were complaints of heart pain, screams, and sudden
termination of all noise that was then followed by a high voltage shock, a
percentage of 62 teachers were continuing to obey the experimenter and
administered the strongest shock when under investigation. During Milgram’s
study, the participants weren’t threatened by any harsh punishment such as
death if they didn’t obey the experimenter. Looking at the real world, atrocities
being directed by an authority, committed by a group of people and not by only
one person usually have a tendency to forget about their personal moral values
and be brushed up with the views of the group, or deindividuation. People also
don’t may not feel responsible for their own actions because those actions were
done by the entire group and not themselves, or diffusion of responsibility. For
prejudice an example would be that anti-Semitism was all throughout Europe
before the Nazis were in power and led to Jewish people being negatively looked
upon and discriminated against. The reason to this was because Jewish people
were not part of the group.  

5. (Grade this question) The factors that cause us to be attracted to
another person includes physical, situational, and psychological factors. The
best predictor for any relationship is the physical proximity of whomever is
involved. Within the mere exposure effect, the degree of proximity is seen and this
is the increased tendency for a likeness with the exposure’s frequency. When
someone is exposed to certain people, it causes the person to have a
familiarity with those people and that leads to an increase of liking them. Close
proximity offers the chance for attraction, but also offers motivation because
people work hard naturally to start a liking towards whomever they want to have
a social interaction with. A major role that is part of attraction is the
physical factors. These factors have been proven to be very influential upon
people’s feelings of attraction. Beauty, a physical attribute is not only
important in an interpersonal context, but usually have more friends, more sex,
more dates, and more fun compared to people who are not very attractive.
Moreover, how mother’s treat their children is also affected by the effects of
physical attractiveness. Mothers who have attractive children tend to be more
loving and playful with their children compared to mothers who have less
attractive children. Physical factors for finding someone attractive varies
from culture to culture. However, every culture finds the face more attractive
as long as its bilaterally symmetrical and this is looked as a sign of
genetically good health. Psychological factor is the last factor. Psychological
factors include personalities, values, ambitions, points of view, inner
qualities, attitudes, beliefs, and abilities are crucial for gaining interest
to one another. Intelligence, sense of humor, ambition, and sensitivity are qualities
that are rather consistently attractive. Normally, we like to interact with
people who are similar to us with these qualities even though these qualities
are attractive. To understand this better, we intend to marry someone who has a
similar religious background, personality, ethnicity, education level, and
socioeconomic status. First, cognitive dissonance is a state of unpleasantness
that occurs when we realize that our actions, beliefs, and attitudes are
inconsistent. In this case there is an internal conflict in which an action, I
have married and attitude, not in love provokes change in attitude or action.
Now, attitude changed to fit the action, I love this person now. A factor that
is contributing is the mere exposure effect. In this case, being around your
significant other will have an increase of liking them. The independent
processes, companionate and passionate love also are a part of this. Although,
there was a lack of passionate love due to this arrange marriage doesn’t mean
that there will be a development of companionate love.

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