4. tell them to continue. Even though

4.

Milgram showed that manypeople obey an authority figure. Within Milgram’s research, the participant whois a teacher read pairs of words to a learner who was seated in a room whilebeing connected to a shock generator. The teacher could hear the learner butwasn’t able to see them. If the learner got an incorrect word pair, the teacherwould be told to shock the learner by using a switch that was located on theshock generator. The shock generator would increase if there was a steadyincrease of incorrect word pairs. Usually, the learner would scream and want tobe released. On the other hand, if the teacher wanted the experiment to stop,the experimenter that is in the same room as them would tell them to continue.Even though there were complaints of heart pain, screams, and suddentermination of all noise that was then followed by a high voltage shock, apercentage of 62 teachers were continuing to obey the experimenter andadministered the strongest shock when under investigation.

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During Milgram’sstudy, the participants weren’t threatened by any harsh punishment such asdeath if they didn’t obey the experimenter. Looking at the real world, atrocitiesbeing directed by an authority, committed by a group of people and not by onlyone person usually have a tendency to forget about their personal moral valuesand be brushed up with the views of the group, or deindividuation. People alsodon’t may not feel responsible for their own actions because those actions weredone by the entire group and not themselves, or diffusion of responsibility. Forprejudice an example would be that anti-Semitism was all throughout Europebefore the Nazis were in power and led to Jewish people being negatively lookedupon and discriminated against. The reason to this was because Jewish peoplewere not part of the group.  5.

(Grade this question) The factors that cause us to be attracted toanother person includes physical, situational, and psychological factors. Thebest predictor for any relationship is the physical proximity of whomever isinvolved. Within the mere exposure effect, the degree of proximity is seen and thisis the increased tendency for a likeness with the exposure’s frequency. Whensomeone is exposed to certain people, it causes the person to have afamiliarity with those people and that leads to an increase of liking them.

Closeproximity offers the chance for attraction, but also offers motivation becausepeople work hard naturally to start a liking towards whomever they want to havea social interaction with. A major role that is part of attraction is thephysical factors. These factors have been proven to be very influential uponpeople’s feelings of attraction. Beauty, a physical attribute is not onlyimportant in an interpersonal context, but usually have more friends, more sex,more dates, and more fun compared to people who are not very attractive.Moreover, how mother’s treat their children is also affected by the effects ofphysical attractiveness. Mothers who have attractive children tend to be moreloving and playful with their children compared to mothers who have lessattractive children. Physical factors for finding someone attractive variesfrom culture to culture.

However, every culture finds the face more attractiveas long as its bilaterally symmetrical and this is looked as a sign ofgenetically good health. Psychological factor is the last factor. Psychologicalfactors include personalities, values, ambitions, points of view, innerqualities, attitudes, beliefs, and abilities are crucial for gaining interestto one another. Intelligence, sense of humor, ambition, and sensitivity are qualitiesthat are rather consistently attractive. Normally, we like to interact withpeople who are similar to us with these qualities even though these qualitiesare attractive. To understand this better, we intend to marry someone who has asimilar religious background, personality, ethnicity, education level, andsocioeconomic status.

First, cognitive dissonance is a state of unpleasantnessthat occurs when we realize that our actions, beliefs, and attitudes areinconsistent. In this case there is an internal conflict in which an action, Ihave married and attitude, not in love provokes change in attitude or action.Now, attitude changed to fit the action, I love this person now. A factor thatis contributing is the mere exposure effect.

In this case, being around yoursignificant other will have an increase of liking them. The independentprocesses, companionate and passionate love also are a part of this. Although,there was a lack of passionate love due to this arrange marriage doesn’t meanthat there will be a development of companionate love.  

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