Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary 1.The freed slaves in rebellious states. Although

1.The freed slaves in rebellious states. Although

1.The compromise of 1850 The compromise of 1850 was a set of laws that talked about slavery.It made California enter the Union and trading slaves was illegal in Washing dc and a boundary between Texas and New Mexico.2. South Carolina Seceded 1860South Carolina were the first ones to seceded from the Union. Soon, other southern states followed.This led to a divided country and the confederates to rise and start the war.3.President Abraham Lincoln was elected president    March 8 – 9, 1862President Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16 president of the United States of America.He was also the first Republican President.4..  Battle of Philippi  June 2-3, 1861The battle of Philippi was the first land battle in the civil war. It happened in West Virginia and led to the rise of George McClellan who later became commander of the Confederates.5.. First Battle of the Bull Run   July 21, 1861This was the first major Confederate victory, however, the North was sure to win that people took picnics to watch. The plan was to attack at full force, like a bull run, but General Stonewall Jackson’s army was reinforced by Colonel Joseph Johnston army and won the war.6.. Fort Sumter April 12, 1861Fort Sumter was a fort in Charleston, South Carolina that was operated by Major Robert Anderson. After 34 hours of a standoff Anderson and his 86 men army surrender and the civil war began.7. Antietam    September 17th, 1862Antietam was a battle against the General Lee’s Confederate army. The union’s victory gave Abraham Lincoln the assurance to create the Emancipation Proclamation which freed slaves in rebellious states. Although it didn’t free slaves, it was an important turning point in the war.8. Uncle Tom’s cabin  March 20, 1852Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe and was according to Abraham Lincoln, the book that started the civil war. The book was the story of Slave named Tom and his cruel life as a slave, it created a big reaction when it was published. 9.Shiloh   April 6,-7 1862The Shiloh battle was a one day battle that had 23,000 casualties and was one of the bloodiest battles in the Civil war and America’s history. It was also the first major battle in the western part of America.10.Fredericksburg   December 11-15, 1862The Fredericksburg battle was one of the worst battles for the Union army. Even though they outnumbered the Confederates by 35,000, they had twice as many deaths.11. Battle of New Orleans  April 24–25, 1862Considered to be one of the worst disasters by the Confederates. The union sunk 8 ships and attacked the city. In the end, the Confederates lost their major city and surrender.12. Battle of the ironclads  Mar 8, 1862 – Mar 9, 1862The two most famous ironclads, the Monitor and Merrimack battle.They destroyed ships such as USS Cumberland and USS Minnesota. The two ships could not defeat each other and the fight changed the way naval battles worked.13. Chancellorsville  April 30, 1863.This Confederate victory happened in Chancellorsville, Virginia but lost 13,000 out of there 60,000 soldiers.They lost their best general, Stonewall Jackson.14. Vicksburg  May 18, 1863 – July 4, 1863Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant led a 6-week campaign to win the control of the Mississippi River. There were two assaults on May 19th and 22nd, and the campaign was considered to be the most effective campaign of the war.15. Gettysburg    July 1-3, 1863General Robert E. Lee led his troop of Confederate troops to invade the North. It was one of deadliest 3-day battles and there were around 91,000 dead, 14,531 injured and around 6,0000 missing. 16. Grant promoted to Lt. General President Abraham Lincoln nominated Ulysses S. Grant to a Lieutenant General. He was the only Lt.General other than George Washington. Later on, he won the first major battle for the Union.17. Palmito Ranch May 12 – 13, 1865The palmito Ranch battle was in texas and was a confederate camp. This was the last battle in the civil war.18. Appomattox  April 9, 1865General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant at the Appomattox courthouse. The surrender ended the civil war and was fair to both armies.19. Lincoln’s assassination  April 14, 1865President Abraham Lincoln was killed by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C five days after the civil war ended. John Wilkes Booth was a famous actor and a strong confederate believer when he shot Abraham Lincoln at the back of his head and escaped on a horse.20. Slavery is abolished december 18 1865Slavery officially ended with the 13 amendment of the constitution. Because of hard southern laws and labor system, many slaves did not start celebrating until june 19.