1. compete with other companies to sell
TheTennessee Valley Authority built a series of dam of prevent floods anddeforestation and provide cheap electrical power for homes and factories in theregion. It also created more jobs, and the TVA began to compete with othercompanies to sell electricity. The Columbia River project was a project wherenumerous damns were being built along the Columbia River Basin/ This allowedfor farming to take place in places that were previously unfarmed on, whichalso caused for many different towns to be formed due to populations growing aroundthese areas. These projects both led to the control of these natural resourcesto be taken under the national government, which also led to them having morecontrol over the economy. 2. Roosevelt,with the help of congress passed many different legislation acts in order tohelp recover the banking system and for them to be able to continue their operationsfor a long time. When Roosevelt first heard of the bank crisis, he issues a “bankholiday” which temporarily but an a halt on all banking operations to try toslow down the process of the bank crises and to allow time for the governmentto meet in a special session.
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During the session Congress passes the EmergencyBanking Act, on March 9th, 1933. These acts helped give credibilityto the banks, which allowed for the banking systems to once again operate fullyand it even began to operate more smoothly than before and flourish. 3.
TheAgricultural Adjustment Act gave authority to the government to try and raisethe prices by setting production quotas for major crops and paying farmers toplant less. The bill successfully raised the prices of farms and income, whichis exactly what the bill was intended to do. While some farmers werebenefitting, others were not.
The money went to those who were property owningbut ignored those who worked on land owned by others. The policy encouraged theeviction of thousands of poor tenants and sharecroppers. Many joined the ruralexodus to cities or moved to farms in the West Coast. The act eventually madeits way to the supreme court and was declared unconstitutional. 4. Duringthe 1930’s millions of workers in mass-production industries had be resistantto any kind of union.
The era was know as “Labor’s great upheaval” because ofthe unprecedented militancy. A man named John L. Lewis, led a walkout thatlater turned into a new labor organization, the Congress of IndustrialOrganizations, which set out to create unions in the forefronts of the theAmerican economy. It’s main focus was to secure the “economic freedom andindustrial democracy” for American workers. 5. Thesecond New Deal different from the first New Deal, the first new deal, dealtmostly with taking measures right away to get unemployment down and those whowere unemployed back to work, and to provide welfare and recovery for thoseAmericans.
Whereas the second new deal, included the WPA, which was a mainagency for relief that came with the New Deal. This new deal was more of a way to providework for those who were unemployed rather than welfare for them. Thie biggestaddition the Second New Deal brought to the table was the introduction of theSocial Security Act of 1935. It provided insurance for the older, those whowere unemployed, and the disabled, and it was based on the contributions ofboth employees and employers. 6.
Duringthis time racial tensions were very high and the south white conservatives, limitedAfrican Americans ability to receive full benefits of the New Deal in manyways. One was by educational opportunities, blacks and whites were segregatedin schools and black schools were often in way worse conditions than of theirwhite peers. While Brown had won the battle against schools, only 12,000 of the3,000,000 of the black children who attended school went to an integratedschool.
Southern companies and factories also restricted black’s ability to advanceeconomically. Blacks still vote democrat because while Congress was very muchwhite and wanted segregation, FDR’s administration spoke of racial issues andsupported the African American efforts. This showed the blacks that while congresswas against them, the President and his administration were wanting to helpthem. While they were continued to be discriminatedagainst, because FDR’s efforts, blacks felt more connected to the Democraticparty. 7.
Thisact made a huge effect on Native Americans as, while for the good majority ofAmerican history, the government and the people tried to get turn away fromtheir native ways and to assimilate into the norms of American culture and to embraceit. This Act encouraged Indian tribes to begin practicing their traditions andto restore their culture and to be individuals again. This Act also gaveIndians their assets again and gave them control over it, including their landand their mineral rights. This gave the Indians economic freedom to settle the territoriesthey were on at that time and make them reserves. 8. Publicassistance programs helped those who needed it the most.
It helped those whohad dependent children, the elderly that was poor, and Americans who showed thatfinically they needed assistance. But one drawback was that the state determinedwho was deemed eligible. The New Deal le to the discrimination of blacks forusing welfare and were oftentimes discriminated against when it came to thedistribution of the benefits. This also led to the stigma that is still inplace today that blacks rely on government handouts and are too lazy to get ajob. This stigmatized blacks as recipients of unearned government assistance 9.
Rooseveltstressed the importance of the home in American and he aimed to help create asmany households as possible and was called “The American Dream”. FDR wanted toturn that dream into a reality so, his administration worked hard to make surefamilies would be protected from homes being foreclosed so he created theFederal Housing Administration and the Home Owners Loan Corporation. The NewDeal and the FHA, helped get families loans from private banks as they wouldhave a mortgage to help keep their house from being taken from them. They alsomade cheaper housing to occur for those who couldn’t afford expensive living,so that they would not be homeless. 10. Liberalism before 1939 was all about limitedgovernment and the and the liberty of individuals that included freedom ofreligion, press, speech, and the free market of economics.
But by 1939 it hadtaken a new meaning and it meant freedom, Liberty became characterized by thepursuit of social liberty. The federal government’s role had expanded and partof that role was the well being of the citizens. The government now supportedUnions, and many other laws they felt would better the people. So by the 1939 thegovernment was much more involved in peoples lives and their well being was beingaccounted for and was being fought for.