1. body for districts and are designated
Democracy is giving everybody in the country anequal opportunity to take part in making a decision on important matters thataffect everybody through. The British government can make decisions onceelected but the people are the ones who elect the political party that makes upthe government. The main political parties in the UK are Labour, Conservative,Liberal Democrats, Green, SNP etc. before each election each part makes amanifesto that includes a collection of their political ideas.
In 1969 it wasmade law that anyone above the age of 18 has the right to vote. The Britishparliament is made up of the house of commons, the house of laws and themonarch. 2.
1. Abraham Lincoln fought to abolish the slavery inAmerica and succeeded in 1865, this led black people to eventually having equalrights as white people including having the right to vote and run for president,this demonstrates democracy as he fought to let black people in America haveequal opportunities. 2. Mahatma Gandhi led India to independence from theBritish empire and gave the Indian people the ability to vote for leadership oftheir own country.
He went on non-violence protests to achieve his goals, thisdemonstrates democracy as he fought to let Indians have equal opportunities. 3. Nelson Mandela was the first black South Africanpresident, before this, he spent 27 years in prison because he tried to takedown the pro-apartheid government and then worked to achieve human rights, thisdemonstrates democracy as he fought to let Africans have equal opportunities.
3. 1. TheUnited Kingdom Parliament – The Parliament ofthe UK, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the mostpowerful parliamentary body in the United Kingdom, and other regions owned bythe UK. Parliament observes what the Government does, makes newlaws, holds the influence to set taxes and debates the important matters. 2. Countycouncils – A governing body for districts and are designated through the votesof those in the district. A county council is accountable forservices such as schooling, waste management and strategic planning withina county, with severalnon-metropolitan district councils incharge of services such as housing, waste collection and local planning. 3.
Parishcouncils – A local power that is an elected corporate body. A parishcouncil is a civil local authority found in England and is thelowest tier of local government. They are elected corporate parties, havevariable tax raising powers, and are responsible for civil parishes, which area certain areas around theUK, serving in total 16,000,000 people.
4. 1. Participating in political debates – this allows youto put forward a view that you may think could affect the country2. Protesting lawfully – this allows you to go againstthe government if you feel that they have impacted negatively in some way3. Joining trade unions or political parties – thisallows you to take part in the duties that a member of one of these groupsundergoes4. Sign petitions – this allows you to help put forwardan opinion that could be shown to a higher power to try and change something tobetter suit your views5.
Voting in national, local and state elections – thisallows you to have a say in who is put into higher power nationally or morelocallyValuing the views of others – this allows everyone to have their ownviews peacefully and can help prevent people from protesting unlawfully 5.A set of written rules recognised by thegovernment that are required to be followed by citizens known as law. The key idea of the rule of law is that the law shouldapply equally to everyone, government and people alike. The alternative tothe rule of law is there for arbitrary government.
In this way, the rule of lawcreates the relationship between government and the people. The most importantsub principles of the rule of law are that no one is above the law, that thereis equality for all before the law, that the law is always applied and that thelaw is kept through the power of the courts. 6. public order – lawskeep society from falling apart, people who break the law are disciplined as tokeep the peace and prevent disorder. Whenpeople become scared because they see something as unsafe, society will notfunction. Fear can prevent economic growth and may lead to people looking tomove to safer regions. 2.
individual freedom – as long as we abide by the law we are allowed togo where we want, without law people might try and stop others from being ableto do this. Freedom is significant because it leads to enhancedexpressions of creativity and original thought, increased motivation, and anoverall higher quality of life. 7. The Equality act 2010 is a law that allows alltypes of people to have equal rights so that all citizens can have the sameopportunities and any life style they choose so that they can live a lifewithout prejudice or discrimination from their government. The Equality Act2010 legally protects people from discrimination in the workplace and in widersociety. It replaced previous anti-discrimination laws with a single Act,making the law easier to understand and strengthening protection in somesituations.
It sets out the different ways in which it’s unlawful to treatsomeone. TheEquality Act 2010 includes provisions that ban age discrimination againstadults in the provision of services and public functions. 8. electronic tagging,so that the government will know if you go somewhere you aren’t allowed to makeyou comply with the rule of law and teach you not to go against rule of lawagain. 2. financial penalty,where the criminal is charged a set amount of money decided by a judge to teachyou to always comply with the rule of law and attempt to prevent you offendingagain.
3. community service,where the criminal must complete some tasks set by the government that take upa lot of your free time to punish you for going against the rule of law. 4. imprisonment,where the prisoner is kept in a cell for a set amount of time, only given a setamount of visits from those close to you and only given a set amount of food,the sentence is set by the judge.
9. Criminal law is usedto prevent people from committing acts like murder, assault and theft, casesfor criminal law are handled, by Magistrates or judge and jury, and in crown orMagistrates court. Cases are based on doubt. Criminallaw is the body of law that relates to crime. It proscribes conduct perceivedas threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health,safety, and moral welfare of people.
2. Civil law is usedto prevent people from committing acts like contract breaches, cases areconducted by a judge in a County or High court. Cases are based on probability.Civil law is the part of a country’s set of laws which is concerned with all of the private affairs ofcitizens, for example cases involving marriage and property ownership, rather than with crimes committed by people. 10. Individual liberty isallowing people to use their rights without control from the government. Theserights are protected by the human rights act 1998.
Individual liberty suggeststhe free exercise of rights generally seen as outside Government control. It isthe protection of your rights and the rights of others. The liberty of anindividual to exercise freely those rights generally accepted as being outsideof government control. We are able to do whatever we want, so long as we don’thurt others.
It allows us to liveas we choose and to have our own opinions and views. We have laws which allow for our safety, but weare able to make our own choices about many elements of our lives and culture. 11. right to fair trial –everyone is allowed a fair trial if they are a suspected felon. The aim of the right is to ensure that only offenders are punished and theinnocent aren’t punished if wrongly accused. As a minimum the right to fair trial includes fair trial rights in civil andcriminal proceeding.
2. right to life – Every human being has the rightto life and this right isprotected by law. Everyone has the rightto life, everybody can live in security and equality and to take thelife from someone is a breach of the right and therefore the law. 3. freedom from slavery and torture – Freedom from Slavery or Forced Labour. The right to be free from slavery iscontained in Article 4 ofthe ECHR. Article 4 hastwo parts: The first part of Article 4 statesthat nobody shall be held in slavery or servitude. 4.
right to marry – Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race,nationality or religion, have the rightto marry and to start a family. They are allowed equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its ending. 5.
freedom of speech – Freedom of speech is a right that supports the freedom of an individual orcommunity to articulate one’s opinions and ideas without fear ofretaliation, censorship, or sanction. The term “freedom ofexpression” is sometimes used synonymously, but includes any act ofseeking, receiving and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the mediumused. 13. Listening well to others ideas or beliefs so that youcan gain a broader understanding of how others see things. 2. Express your own views to allow others to view youropportunities as well as their own. 3.
Being aware of when some one’s views areunacceptable and trying to prevent incidents that may occur because of theseviews. 4. Working with people with different views to yoursthis will allow you to get to know them and see how their lifestyles may differto yours.
5. Respecting and not interfering with others views and beliefs to respectthe diversity in your community. 14. Segregating people from others in all environments asthis stops them from having equal opportunities as others.
2. Isolating people from communities or groups ofpeople as this stops them from having the same social opportunities as others. 3. Promotion of intolerance to others to try and makethem intolerant as then they may act on their intolerant beliefs and cause harmto others. 4. Terrorism as this can give your community a badreputation and cause a serious impact that could involve fatalities. 5. Ignoring any stereo types that may be stoppable or reportable andeasily apparent to you.
15. Terrorism – Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use ofintentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror, or fear, toachieve a political, religious or ideological aim. The terms”terrorist” and “terrorism” originated during the FrenchRevolution of the late 18th century but gainedmainstream popularity during the U.S.
Presidency of Ronald Reagan. Radicalisation – gettingothers to view political situations in an extreme way, the action or process of causing someone to adopt radical positions onpolitical or social issues. The UK HomeOffice, MI5’s parent agency, definesradicalization as “The process by which people come to support terrorism andviolent extremism and, in some cases, then join terrorist groups.” Extremism – holdingan extreme political and religious view or the fact of someone having beliefs thatmost people think are unreasonable andunacceptable. It means, literally, “the quality or state of beingextreme” or the “encouragement of an extreme point of view”. 16.
Terrorism – The biggest and most frightening impact of terrorism is physicaldestruction. Terrorists destroy existing plants, machines, transportationsystems, workers and other economic resources. On smaller scales, acts ofterrorism may blow up cafes, churches or roads. Large-scale attacks, most infamouslythe World Trade Centre bombings on September 11, 2001, can destroy billions ofdollars’ worth of property and senselessly kill thousands innocent people.Radicalisation – Radicalization that occurs across multiple reinforcingpathways greatly increases a group’s resilience and lethality.
Furthermore, bycompromising its ability to blend in with non-radical society and participatein a modern, national economy, radicalization serves as a kind of sociologicaltrap that gives individuals no other place to go to satisfy their material andspiritual needs.