1 based vehicles in the next decades
1 IntroductionFor thisproject, the goal is to implement a new system in the out coming electric carsin order to compensate the power loss that occurs when charging and dischargingthe vehicle, which is approximately 16%. Electric cars have been impacting the automobilemarket in the last years and it is estimated that most petroleum cars will bereplaced by electric vehicles in the next decade. In order to provide a betterproduct, a new system must be implemented to make up for energy losses, makingit possible to provide an even better product for the users of this specifickind of vehicles. To be able to deliver a better efficiency, energy should beconserved as much as possible without the risk of losing it while doing simpletasks such as charging the vehicle or shutting down the engine. This new systemshould comply with the governmental regulations established for the automotive industryand be available to all EVs for the next decade.
1.1 Business or Mission Analysis ProcessThe mission of this new system is tocompensate the energy loss of an electric car when the user is charging thevehicle or the car is off. By compensating the energy loss, we guarantee thatthe clients will be satisfied with the overall battery life of their vehicle. Ifthis system is implemented, the price of the vehicle will rise initially, butit will be recompensed to the users through a longer battery life cycle, avoidinga higher electricity bill in the long term and obtaining a fully charged car inless time. With the proposed new system, electric vehicles will have a better overallefficiency. 1.1.1 Define the business or missionproblem or opportunityElectric vehicles are more expensivethat simple petroleum efficiency cars, and for this reason, they should providemore than one advantage to the users.
These particular sets of cars have impactedthe automotive industry around the world for its environmental benefits. Somecountries already have plans to eradicate all petroleum based vehicles in thenext decades with electric cars only, creating new business opportunities withmore potential clients around the world. With this reasoning, the product thatwould be delivered to the user should be improved with the objective ofproviding a high quality vehicle and economic savings in the long term.
Whileelectric vehicles have improved greatly since their first launch, a clear exampleof this improvement is the change of cobalt batteries into lithium ion, thereare a lot of improvements that could still be made. By the proposed system,energy losses could be minimum without risking any safety factor. As it wasstated above, the price for this improvement will impact the initial price ofthe vehicle, but it will be compensated to the user through a lower cost billon electricity. 1.1.
2 Characterize the solution spaceFor this new system, the majorstakeholders are the customers that will buy and use the product, as well asautomotive organizations that have interest in electric cars, such as TeslaMotor. Governments interest in continue giving or creating new electricvehicles incentive programs are also key stakeholders that have to be takeninto consideration. In order for this system to be feasible, governmentalregulations in each geographic area where the SO will be implemented should betaken into consideration.1.1.3 Determine potential solutionclass(es)Implement solar panels in the vehicle tocompensate the energy lost during the DC-AC conversion process. It has to benoted that in order to obtain the most of the solar panel, the user shouldconsider charging the car during sunlight.
The fact that new improved technologiesmay arise in the future years should be taken into consideration, as there is arisk that this system could be impacted by it. This new system can be implemented byany EV company and any buyer/user of this specific sort of vehicles. 1.2 Business PurposeThe reason of changing the current methodsused when developing EV by introducing solar panels into the process is becauseof the relatively short period of time the charge on the battery of the vehiclelast, creating an concern for the user.
It is in the interest of users and EV companies,that this issue is resolved by providing a new alternative in preserving theenergy. By implementing this new system when developing the EVs, thestakeholders have the reassurance that the percentage of energy lost whiledoing simple tasks will be reattributed by the energy that the solar panel willprovide. 1.3 Business ScopeElectricvehicles launching on the next decade will have a series of solar panels thatwill be used as an energy source when the energy of the vehicle decreases whileusers charge the vehicle, making it faster to obtain a fully charged car andcompensating the percentage of energy lost during this task. 1.4 Business overviewThe application of solar panels will extend the life of thevehicle battery. We can provide a better battery efficiency and most important,a better vehicle. 1.
5 Definitions TERM DEFINITION Actor An external entity that interacts with the system. Attribute Inherent property or characteristic of an entity that can be distinguished quantitatively or qualitatively by human or automated means EV Electric Vehicles SO System of Interest AC Alternating Current DC Direct Current 1.6 Stakeholders Name Background Buyers People who are interested in owning an electric vehicle. Owner of the company Interested in the success of the business. Government All products have to comply with governmental regulations. Competitors Interested in new developments that makes them improve their product. Employees Interested in the success of the company.
They contribute personally to this success. Investors Give resources to make the proposal possible and are part of the decisions. Sellers Provide clients to the business. Communities Beneficiaries of environmental advantages of EV.
1.6.1 Validation CriteriaBy applying solar panels in EV, therewill be another source to store energy on the battery, so when the user decidesto charge the EV, the power won’t decrease. The loss of energy occurs withinthe 3 step process of converting chemical energy (lithium ion) into electricalenergy which will then transform into kinetic energy. Because solar panelsgenerate electrical energy by using sunlight as a source, the energy lost inthe DC-AC conversion process will be negligible.
It is understood that the car won’tperform by using solar panels, they will merely be a source of energy when thepower decreases during the energy conversion. By implementing this system, thevehicle still has to be aesthetically pleasing. Safety is always a priority, soit should not be compromised. 2 References· Governmentincentives for plug-in electric vehicles.
(2018, January 07). Retrieved January24, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.
org/wiki/Government_incentives_for_plug-in_electric_vehicles#United_States· Wherethe Energy Goes: Electric Cars. (n.d.
). Retrieved January 23, 2018, from https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/atv-ev.
shtml· INCOSE.2015. Systems Engineering Handbook: A Guide for System Life CycleProcesses and Activities, version 4.0.
Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley and Sons, Inc,ISBN: 978-1-118-99940-0· ISO/IEC/IEEE15289 · Providesguidance to include business, organizational, and user (stakeholder)requirements in the system requirements specification. This InternationalStandard includes these requirements in the StRS since the contents should bespecified from the stakeholders’ perspective. They may be succeeded in the SyRSby addressing technical concerns.· ISO/IEC15288:2008 (IEEE Std 15288-2008), Systems and software engineering — Systemlife cycle processes · ISO/IEC/IEEE15289:2011, Systems and software engineering — Content of life-cycleinformation products (documentation)